中国人民革命战争时期邮票

 油画     |      2020-01-07

三、解放战役时代(1941一九五零State of Qatar

  二、抗日大战时代(壹玖叁捌1943卡塔尔(قطر‎

  中黄炎子孙民共和国土人革命大战时代邮票

Part A. The Period of Liberation War (1945-1950)

  Part B. The Period of Anti-Japanese War (1937-1945)

  The Postage Stamps of Chinese Peoples Revolutionary War Period

一九五〇年,中国新政产生震天动地的浮动,中国共产党首长中夏族民共和国人民转入全国解放战役。晋绥边区邮政管理局于一九四七年确立,同年发行第少年老成套邮票《邮资单位票》。陕甘宁边区邮政管理局也于一九四两年十月二十五日初叶发行纪念邮票。为适应人民解放军活动应战供给,各温县邮政快捷抽调多量德才统筹的邮政基本,创设随军邮局,一切为了前线,部队打到哪个地方,邮政就通到哪儿。一九五〇年后,随着解放大战的大捷发展,温县不断扩展,并慢慢过渡。在1948年八月1日中国确立前夕,西南、华南、华西、西南、中原、华南等中站区邮政(或邮政和邮电通讯卡塔尔(قطر‎管理局前后相继另立门户,并以老区邮政为底蕴,接管了新解放区的中原邮政,发行全区通用邮票,为中国的确立和合併全国邮政思谋了标准。中国树立不久,华西、东北外市段亦全体翻身。在解放大战举行进度中,那一个新山阳区批发的全体成员邮政邮票近期大部分集邮家认为亦归属孟州市邮票。

  1936年十十3月7日,抗日大战周到产生。中国共产党管事人的抗日分部和不断扩张的山阳区相继建构抗日民主持政务权,并创办抗日邮政或战时邮政,首要职责是为党组织政府部门军队通讯联络服务,发行报纸和刊物,进行抗宣,并依附各市段的基准收寄公众的信件。

  中中原人民共和国粗俗的人革命大战时期的回想邮票,习贯上又称中黄炎子孙民共和国马村区邮票(或简单的称呼区票卡塔尔(قطر‎。

During 1946, Chinas politics has witnessed earth-shaking changes, the Communist Party of China (CPC) leads the people into the war of liberation. Postal Service Administration of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area was set up in 1946, and its first set of stamps Postage in Unit was issued in the same year. Postal Service Administration of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Area also began to issue stamps on Apr. 23,

  Anti-Japanese war took place on 7th July 1937. Anti-Japanese democracy regime was built up in Anti-Japanese bases leading by China Communist Party (CCP) and increasing liberated areas, anti-Japanese Post and War-time Post were also set up, whose main tasks were providing communication service for CCP-Government-Military, issuing newspaper, propagandizing anti-Japanese thinking and civil letter communications.

  The postage stamps of Chinese peoples revolutionary war period are called customarily the stamps of Chinas liberated areas.

  1. In order to adapt to the need of mobile warfare of the Peoples Liberation Army (PLA), postal bureaus of liberated areas chose a large number of backbone with talents and virtue, and established military post offices, All for the font, wherever the army was, wherever the post was. After 1948, with the victory of the war of liberation, liberated areas extended continuously and joined together gradually. In 1949, on the eve of the founding of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) on Oct.1, postal bureau (or posts and telecommunications bureau) set up successively in liberated areas of Northwest China, North China, East China, Northeast China, the Central Plains and Central China. Chinese Post Service in new liberated areas was taken over and stamps for the areas were issued, which led to the founding of the PRC and nationwide unification of post. Shortly after the founding of the PRC, Southwest China and South China were all liberated. The stamps issued in these liberated areas during the war of liberation are also considered to be part of stamps of liberated areas.

  一九三九年10月,华西晋察冀边区建构不经常邮政根据地,2月发行了抗日分部第黄金时代套纪念邮票《半白日图》(While Half Sun Issue卡塔尔(قطر‎1分和5分三种。1940年九月又发行业作风流倜傥套《抗战军官回忆邮票》(Soldier of War Against Japanese AggressionState of Qatar,无面值,供军士免费寄信用。那也是孟州市邮票中第生机勃勃套记念邮票。其余,晋冀鲁豫边区交通根据地、广东战时邮务分公司以致苏中区、咸宁区、盐阜区等邮政部门时有时无发行纪念邮票。如:湖南新抚区战时邮局于1938年7月批发了《清河战时邮票》(Qinghe War-Time Stamps卡塔尔(قطر‎;一九四三年七月青海战时邮务分公司率先在抗日分部发行毛泽东像邮票;梅州交通总站于1941年初开始发行印有平(挂号信State of Qatar(Registered letterState of Qatar、机(机密卡塔尔(قطر‎(confidential letterState of Qatar、快(机密快件卡塔尔国 (confidential express letter卡塔尔字样的无面值邮票, 一九四四年终又增发稿字(报刊通信员专项使用卡塔尔国(specially used for news release卡塔尔(قطر‎和私字(私人信件卡塔尔国(personal letter卡塔尔国邮票,此中稿字邮票为世界珍邮。

  1926年六月1日,在国共长官下,实行了知名中外的吉安起义。同年12月,毛泽东同志动员秋收起义,引导工人和农民武装走上井冈山,塑造了第一个革命办事处,中华夏族民共和国新民主主义革命从此进入了土地革命大战时代。

(一)华北区

  1943年至1945年,日寇疯狂地对抗日根据地举办暴虐扫荡,仅冀中区就被划分成26六十八个小块,但一向也得不到砍断四通八达的战时交通网。好些个总局邮政人士不管不顾生命安危,通过半公开交通、秘密交通和道具交通二种艺术传递党组织政府部门军队的档、书信、报纸和刊物和寄递人民大众的信件。

  On August 1st, 1927, the world-known Nanchang Uprising was held in Nanchang under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. In September of the same year, Mao Zedong launched the Autumn Harvest Uprising, led an armed forces of workers and peasants up to Jing Gang Mountains and set up the first revolutionary base there, signifying that the New-Democratic Revolution had entered upon the phase of the Agrarian Revolutionary War.

North China Area

  In November, 1937 the provisional postal administration was set up in Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei anti-Japanese base of north China, in December the first set stamp White Half Sun was issued with 1 fen and 5 fen denominations. Another set of Soldier of War Against Japanese Aggressionstamp was issued in September 1938, without denomination for military soldiers free use. This is the first set of commemorative stamp of liberated areas. Furthermore, stamps were issued in succession in Shanxi-Hebei-Shandong-Henan general communication bureau, Shandong war-time postal administration and the postal service in Fenral Jiangsu, Huainan and Yanfu areas etc. For example, War-time postal administration in Qinghe district of Shandong province issued Qinghe War-time Stamps in October 1940; Shandong war-time general postal administration firstly issued Mao Zedong portrait stampsin anti-Japanese base areas; Huainan communication bureau issued stamps without denomination on which registered letter, confidential letterorconfidential express letterwere printed in end of 1942, as well stamps used for specially used for news release and personal letterwere issued in beginning of 1943. Stamp forspecially used for news releasewas one of treasure stamps worldwide.

  自第三个革命分局创立到新中中原人民共和国确立的四十多年中,随着革命总局和中站区的再三发展强盛,建构了人民政权和邮政通讯职业。人民邮政是成套革命工作的叁个重视组成都部队分。

1.晋察冀边区抗制服利回顾邮票第二回加盖暂作改值邮票

  Japan military carried out cruel aggressions against anti-Japanese base areas from 1941 to 1943, up to 2670 small grids was divided in Fenral Hebei area, however the war-time communication nets survived and still worked. Lots of post stuff regardless of personal safety kept delivering CCP-Government-Military letters, documents and newspaper and civil letters via of half-public, confidential and armed communication ways.

  From the time the first revolutionary base came into being to the founding of New China in 1949, 20-odd years passed, during which the peoples political power and postal service were established with the expansion of the revolutionary bases and the liberated areas. The peoples post played an important role in the revolutionary cause.

The First Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged on Victory of War Against Japanese Aggression Stamps of Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Border Area

  为了得以完毕统世界第一回大战线,交流国统区与温县的邮政联系,中国共产党中央委员会向国民党组织政府部门坛建议互肖似邮的提出。1936年春,陕西甘肃宁边区政同意将边防邮政部门并人中华邮政管理类别。同年3月,创设边区通讯站。一九四四年底,中华邮政根据地第三军中国人民邮政分公司查证林卓午乘邮车到吴忠,就中国共产党两方互相通邮事宜举行商榷,受到毛泽东、周恩来(Zhou Enlai卡塔尔国的接见和应接。

  在土地革命大战前期,部分边区创设了赤色邮政,一九二八年左右发行了赤色邮票,那是国内公民邮政发行邮票的早先。一九三二年,在宗旨革命办事处创制了中华苏维埃共和国,一九三五年确立了中心邮政办事处,下设省邮务管理局、县邮政和电信管理局以至县以下的邮站等邮政部门,从今以后的抗日战役时代和第二回国内革命战满不在乎时期,是人民邮政大进步时代。为了通讯供给,各山阳区都创建了平民邮政,相当多地区还发行了邮票。在漫漫的革命战缩手观望时代,人民邮发如此大方的邮票,那在世界邮政史上是偶发的。中站区邮票是在中中原人民共和国男生革命战役的一定历史标准下发生的,从叁个左侧诚信地记载了中华打天下发展的进度。它不可是神州邮票中的珍宝,也是本国难得的变革文物。

壹玖肆捌年111月,国民党组织政府部门坛发动周全国内大战,大举进攻中站区。十一月30日笔者军奉命撤出晋中,边区邮政管理局亦随军撤至高碑店市齐古庄。

  With aim to realize anti-Japanese national united front and strength communications between the Kuomintang (KMT) areas and liberated areas, CCP proposed post mutual communication with KMT government. Shan-Gan-Ning liberated area government agreed to merge liberated post to Chinese post service in beginning of 1938 and border area communication station was set up in May of same year. Head supervisor of third military post of Chinese Post Service, Lin Zhuowu, visited Yanan by post vehicle, had negotiations for issue of mutual post communication between CCP and KMT, got warm reception by Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai.

  In the early days of the Agrarian Revolutionary Civil War, the Red Post was built in some border areas. Around 1930, the Red Stamp was issued, marking the beginning of the stamp issuance by the peoples post. In 1931, the Chinese Soviet Republic was founded in the central revolutionary base and in 1932 the Central D. G. of Posts was set up, embodying provincial head offices, county post offices, and town postal stations. During the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the Third Revolutionary Civil War, the peoples post expanded greatly. To meet the needs of communications, all the liberated areas built up postal services, many of which issued stamps. It can be said that such a large amount of stamps of liberated areas issued under the specific war conditions are rarely seen in the history of the world post. They trustily recorded from one aspect the development of the Chinese revolution. They are not only Chinas philatelic gems and revolutionary relics, but also pearls of the world philately.

In Jun. 1946, Kuomintang government launched a all-sided civil war and aggressively attacked the liberated areas. On Oct. 10, our army was ordered to withdraw from Zhangjiakou, therewith, Postal Service Administration of Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Border Area also retreat to Qiguzhuang Village in Quyang County.

  (一) 华北

  中中原人民共和国博爱县邮票,是在战乱条件中印刷和发行的,多数邮票的档案散失,由此扩充了考查的大多不便。。从1927年到1949年七月,中中原人民共和国新民主主义革命战不以为意时代,各苏维埃邮政、抗日邮政、孟州市邮政共有70八个区、150多个全体公民邮政部门发行了2300各样邮票(富含包裹印纸,市价印纸,邮资明信片,邮资金和信用封,邮简卡塔尔。这几个邮票不唯有满意了战时的通讯须求,并且还记载了变革历史、激励军队和人民斗志、争取大战胜利,具备显著的时代感。

出于物价上升,1946年3月1日,晋察冀边区邮政管理局,再一次调解邮资为:公文50元、平信100元、单挂号300元、双挂号500元。小额面值邮票已不适用,但任何时候印制邮票的条件极其困难,而各局所存大型及Mini抗战胜利记忆邮票还应该有一定数额,为了省去,边区邮政管理局将各局所存1元至40元及60元各样邮票回笼加盖改值使用。第二次加盖暂作改值邮票接收木戳手盖。

  North China

  The stamps of Chinas liberated areas need investigation and verification, for they were printed and issued under the tough war conditions and many of their material and archives were lost. From 1927 to June of 1950,more than 2300 kinds of stamps including parcel post stamps, money order stamps, stamped postcards, stamped envelopes and stamped letter sheets, were issued by 150 postal establishments of more than 70 liberated areas. These stamps were issued but only to meet war-time communication needs also to record revolutionary history, inspire military and civilian morale of strive for the victory of war,with the bright time feeling.

Due to the rising prices, on Apr. 1, 1947, postage was changed by Postal Service Administration of Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Border Area, postage of public document raise to 50 yuan, ordinary mail 100 yuan, single registration 300 yuan, double registration 500 yuan. Small denomination stamps were no longer applicable, but printing of stamps was in a quite difficult condition at that time, while there were a considerable number of Victory of War Against Japanese Aggression Stamps remained, for the sake of economy, postal service administration of border area recycled stamps with denomination from 1 yuan to 40 yuan and 60 yuan, then overprinted and put to use. The First Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged Stamps was overprinted by wooden seal manually.

  1.半白日图邮票

  生机勃勃、土地革命战不闻不问时代(一九二七1940卡塔尔(قطر‎

图3-1为四川安新县寄清徐县双挂号实寄封,贴第4回加盖暂作改值邮票12元(黄卡塔尔国改100元(蓝卡塔尔(قطر‎,销定州市邮政代办所手填戳,并销广东平叛,一九四八.2.1达到戳。已知存世仅2件。

  1. While Half Sun Issue

  Part A. The Period of Agrarian Revolutionary War(19271937)

A double registration cover from Tangxian County in Shanxi to Pingding County was shown in Fig. 3-1, which was stuck on a stamp which surcharged from 12 yuan (yellow) to 100 yuan (blue) of First Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged Stamps, canceled by a hand-filled postmark Postal Agency of Tangxian County, and marked an arrival postmark Pingding, Shanxi, Feb. 1, 1948. Only 2 pieces have been known.

  1938年8月,八路军115师在平型关大战后,以多瑙河省武夷山为主干,向察南、冀西打进,创制北岳抗日办事处。一九四零年3月15日,晋察冀边区军队政坛人大在北岳定兴县实行,公投暴发边区有的时候行政委员会。在晋察冀边区抗日总部产生的同不时间,于壹玖叁玖年冬创办邮政公司,最先称晋冀察边区一时事政治府,后来改称晋察冀边区不经常邮政。

  1930年至1929年,湘赣边界地区建构起最初的赤色邮政。1928年5、五月间,浙西南赤色邮政总部发行了山阳区的首先套回忆邮票。据中中原人民共和国邮政档案记载:票系方形薄纸,盖以红朱,略似图记,四周及大旨刻有星形,上有赤色邮政一分等字样,于今未见东西。一月,该局第二遍批发赤色邮票,有实寄封存世。同一时候,甘南交通办事处发行了一套2种锤镰五星图赤色邮票,并售出共4200多枚。从今以后至1932年1月,湘赣边省、闽西北、福建、湘鄂西等革命总部也前后相继别辟门户了赤色邮政管理机构,发行了赤色邮政邮票。

(图3-1)

  1937年十10月至一九三八年七月间,晋冀察边区一时邮发华东中站区首套回看邮票 半白日图邮票,1分(石青卡塔尔(قطر‎、5分(玉绿与翠绿卡塔尔,油印版印制,无齿孔。近些日子已知5分邮票存世仅5枚(图2-1卡塔尔(قطر‎。

  From 1927 to 1928, Hunan-Jiangxi Border Area built the earliest red post. Between May and June, 1930, the first set of stamps of liberated areas was issued by Red Postal Administration of Southwest Jiangxi. According to the Chinese postal service records, the stamp was square thin sheet of paper, printed in red, just like seal, around and central of the design engraved with star, with Chinese characters of Chinese Red Posts and denomination of 1 fen, but its matter have not found so far. In October of the same year, Red Postal Administration of Southwest Jiangxi issued again stamps of red posts. This set of stamps only has been seen on the cover. At the same time a set of 2 stamps of red posts with hammer, sickle and five-star design was issued by Communication Bureau of West Fujian, more than 4200 stamps were sold. Until December of 1931, some red postal administrations were set up, and released red posts stamps in the revolutionary base areas of Hunan-Jiangxi Border Province, Northeast Fujian, Jiangxi and West Hunan-Hubei and so on.

  1. 冀南加盖改值邮票

  In September 1937 after Pingxingguan Battle, the 115 division of Eighth Route Army marched forward to South Chahar and West Hebei with fener of Mount Wutai Shanxi province, and built up Beiyue anti-Japanese base area. Military-Civil representative congress in Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei base area was held in Fuping county Beiyue area, base area temporary administrative committee was generated with election. In the meantime of Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei anti-Japanese base area setup, post organization was set up in winter of 1937, named initially as Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Area Temporary Government and afterwards named as Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Border Area Temporary Post.

  中中原人民共和国工人和村民红军1933年10月长征北上抗日前,以往在莱茵辽宁北营造18个分部。总部交通方便人民群众,大部份都曾创制过名称差别的邮政交通运输局门。据现成史料和东西,可验证,在那之中有四个分布在广西、黑龙江、广西、河北、湖南等省的总局和远在广西瑞金的中心苏维埃区域,前后相继发行过邮票,也正是(1State of Qatar浙北北Southwest Jiangxi,(2State of Qatar赣南WestFujian,(3卡塔尔国湘赣Hunan-Jiangxi,(4卡塔尔山西Jiangxi,(5卡塔尔国苏南北Northeast Fujian,(6卡塔尔(قطر‎湘鄂西West Hunan-Hubei,(7State of Qatar大旨苏维埃Central Soviet Area,(8卡塔尔河南苏维埃区域Shanxi Soviet Area。苏维埃区域共有8个总局发行邮票。

Stamps Overprinted and Surcharge of South Hebei Area

  Between December, 1937 and January, 1938, Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei border area temporary post issued first set stamp in north China liberated area White Half Sun Issue stamp, 1 fen par value (Blue) and 5 fen (Blue and black), printed in mimeograph way, imperforation. Only five pieces of 5 fen stamp have been known. (Fig.2-1)

  Before the long march going north for the anti-Japanese in October 1934, the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army set up 15 bases in the Yangtze River on both sides. The transportation of bases was convenient and set up mostly postal transportation agency with different names. According to existing historical data and matter, 6 bases were distributed on Jiangxi, Fujian, Zhejiang, Hunan, Hubei provinces and Central Soviet Area were successively issued stamps, i.e. (1)Southwest Jiangxi,(2)West Fujian,(3)Hunan-Jiangxi,(4)Jiangxi,(5)Northeast Fujian,(6)West Hunan-Hubei,(7)Central Soviet Area,(8)Shaanxi Soviet Area. There were eight revolution bases issued stamps.

晋冀鲁豫边区物价上升,1950年11月调节邮资为:平信和官厅公文1元,印制品每斤3元,包裹每斤4元。每个区域需求大量1元、2元及4元邮票。这时候新票未有印制。为应急使用,在低面值5角票加盖1元、2元及4元改值发行。

  (图2-1)

  苏区邮票版别共有两种

Due to the rising prices in Shansi-Hopei-Shantung-Honan Border Area, in Apr. 1946, postage of ordinary mail and official document was changed to 1 yuan, printed matter 3 yuan per jin, parcel 4 yuan per jin. A lot of 1 yuan, 2 yuan and 4 yuan stamps were needed in all areas, while new stamps had not been ready yet. For emergency use, stamps with low denomination of 5 jiao were overprinted and surcharged to 1 yuan, 2 yuan and 4 yuan, then issued.

  2.率先版全白日图邮票

  There are three kinds of prints of Soviet Area stamps.

1948年4月在批发交通徽地球图(角单位卡塔尔国邮票的还要,又发行将畅通图改为邮政局的交通徽地球图(邮政局卡塔尔(قطر‎邮票生机勃勃组1枚,面值为冀南币5元,深紫红。由冀南银行印厂赶印。用纸有白纸和报纸,石印,无齿孔。图幅为2024分米,全张135(159卡塔尔国枚,纵然面值是元单位,但为了与(元单位卡塔尔邮票相分化,定名叫交通徽地球图(邮政局卡塔尔邮票。1949年7月1日停用。

  2. The First Print While Full Sun Issue

  (1卡塔尔(قطر‎宗旨版。中华苏维埃邮发,邮票上印苏维埃邮政。

In Mar. 1946, Communication Emblem and Globe Issue (in jiao unit) stamps were issued, at the same time, Communication Emblem and Globe Issue (Post Office) stamp, containing a set of a single type, was issued. Its denomination was 5 yuan in Jinan Bi, color was blue, design was changed from communication emblem to post office, and rush to be printed by Jinan Bank Printing House with stone lithography using white paper and newsprint, imperforated. Size of design was 2024 mm, number of pieces in a sheet was 135(159), although its denomination was in yuan, for distinguishing it from Communication Emblem and Globe Issue (in yuan unit) stamp, it was named to Communication Emblem and Globe Issue (Post Office) stamp. It was deactivated on Jan. 1, 1948.

  1938年八月,晋察冀边区有的时候行政委员会营造后,晋冀察边区一时邮政随之创立,12月批发第大器晚成版全白日图邮票(图2-2卡塔尔国,全套2枚:1分(暗大青卡塔尔(قطر‎、2分(石青色State of Qatar,石板印于有条纹报纸,图幅21.524mm,币值为法币,无齿孔。

  (1) Central Print

图3-2为海南武邑县寄圣佩德罗苏拉实寄封,贴华南交通徽地球图,元单位一元2枚,冀南加盖改值邮票,红字改作4元2枚,销湖北武强县,1946.3.16戳,并销有Tallinn,1950.3.19到达戳。冀南加盖改值邮字实寄封存世少有,已知存世不超过5件。

  图2-3所示实寄封原为中华邮政特制印简由新疆乐城寄往新华区销有湖北乐城村镇信差戳,后又加贴全白图1分5枚销福建郭苏镇1937年四月二十29日戳一次接纳,为当下仅见,极为珍罕。

  Issued by Central Soviet Area with inscription of Soviet Area Posts

A cover from Jingxian County in Hebei to Tianjin was shown in Fig. 3-2, on which stuck 2 pieces of 1 yuan stamp Communication Emblem and Globe Issue (in yuan unit) and 2 pieces of Stamps Overprinted and Surcharge of South Hebei Area with red letter surcharged to 4 yuan, cancelled by postmark Hebei Jingxian, 1947.3.16 and marked by destination datemark Tianjin, 1947.3.19. Cover of Overprinted and Surcharge of South Hebei Area stamp are rare, no more than 5 pieces have been known.

  After Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Area Temporary Administrative Committee set up in Jan.1938, Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Area Temporary Post was set up thereupon, the first print White Full Sun stamp was issued in February (Fig. 2-2), including 2 stamps: 1 fen denomination (dark purple) and 2 fen denomination (red brown), stone plate was printed on newspaper with stripes, with size 21.524mm, currency value: legal tender, imperforation.

  (2卡塔尔(قطر‎地点版。由上1-6分局发行,邮票上铭文有赤色二字(独有苏南北的辽宁花卉图邮票无赤色二字卡塔尔。

(图3-2)

  As the cover showed in Fig. 2-3, it was initially specific letter sheet of Chinese Post Service mailed from Lecheng Hebei province to Pinshang county stamped with Hebei Lecheng postmark, afterwards 5 pieces of 1 fen stamps were pasted, second postmark by Guosu town Hebei province on April 29th 1939. Only one has been found, extremely rarity.

  (2) Local Print

3.冀鲁豫毛泽东像邮票

  (图2-2) (图2-3)

  Issued by the above 1 to 6 bases, with the inscription of Red Posts (except Jiangxi Flower Issue)

Mao Zedong Issue of Hebei-Shandong-Henan Area

  3.抗日战争军官回顾邮票第后生可畏套孟州市邮票

  (3卡塔尔(قطر‎仿大旨版。多瑙河袁州区誊写版油印邮票三种。1分主图为地球,3分图案正中有一五角星,二者上方均横列苏维埃邮政,闽浙赣省邮政管理局。

冀鲁豫地区在一九四四年1八月创造交通分局,平素推行免费寄递。抗日大战胜利后,交通总部依照边区交通总公司提示,安排于一九四两年七月上马执行有资寄递,并报经冀鲁豫行政公署批准发行回顾邮票。一九四四年3月曾印刷毛泽东像邮票生龙活虎枚,票面价值冀南币5角,中蓝,白纸,石印。主图为毛泽东像,有齿(10度卡塔尔国。图幅20X24分米。那枚邮票曾被称作呼和浩特版毛泽东像邮票。

  3. Soldier of War Against Japanese Aggression - The first set of commemorative stamp of Chinas liberated areas

  (3) Imitate Central Print

Transportation department of Hebei-Shandong-Henan Area was set up in Oct. 1941, free deliver had been implemented. After the War of Resistance against Japan, according to the instructions by general traffic directorate of border area, transportation department planned to charge for deliver since Jan. 1946, and reported to Hebei-Shandong-Henan administrative office for permission to issue stamps. In Dec. 1945, a type of Mao Zedong stamp was printed, its denomination was 5 jiao in Jinan Bi, color was red, and printed with stone lithography using white paper. Its design was Mao Zedongs portrait, perforation was 10. Size of design was 2024 mm. This type of stamp have ever been named Heze Print Mao Zedong Stamp

  一九三七年12月,晋察冀边区一时邮政,为优待抗日战时通讯,特发行大器晚成种不表明面值的重型纪念邮票(图2-4卡塔尔(قطر‎,由边区政府党无偿发给抗日战争军官使用。邮票图案为抗日战争军士持有跑步的前行图,图幅34.2528.25mm,无齿孔。石版印于银灰洋纸上,大白色。此票虽不印面值,但在军士肩荷的子弹带上,暗藏有二个阿拉伯文的5字。

  There are two kinds of stamps sprinted by stencil in mimeograph. The design of 1 fen denomination was globe, the central of design of 3 fen denomination was a five-star, which top of both design arranged in horizontal line the inscription of Soviet Posts and Fujian-Zhejiang-Jiangxi Province Postal Administration.

图3-3为冀鲁豫毛泽东像邮票区别版式,其双连使用实例近年来仅见此件。

  In September 1938, Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Border Area Temporary Post was set up, for providing priority to military post in anti-Japanese time, a commemorative stamp without denomination was issued (Fig.2-4), border area government distributed the stamp to anti-Japanese soldiers for free use. Pattern in stamp showed anti-Japanese soldiers holding the gun and marching forward, with size 34.2528.25mm, imperforation. Stone plate was imprinted on white paper, full red color. No denomination on this stamp but figure5was hidden on the bullet bag the soldier held.

  苏维埃时代,在8个革命分公司发行邮票17套,40余种。

A different setting of Mao Zedong Issue of Hebei-Shandong-Henan Area was shown in Fig. 3-3, its the unique case in which a pair of stamps were used.

  该邮票的图腾是先由高晋材绘制八个卧姿军官的草图,未被利用,又由张述改画了现在的雕塑。此票印刷于云南小店区境内的射虎川,以石印印刷。

  In soviet posts period, total 17 sets of more than 40 stamps were issued by 8 revolution bases.

(图3-3)

  一九四零年秋,晋察冀边区行政委员会同意裁撤边区一时邮政,由中华邮政接办边区邮政,7月,晋察冀边区不经常邮政所发行的回想邮票停用,停用后的邮票全体交到设在夏洛特的中华邮政第三军队系统邮政视察段,后来转送到亚松森中华邮政分局。

  (豆蔻梢头卡塔尔(قطر‎赤色邮政

4.晋绥边区邮票代签

  由于抗日战争军官回看邮票刚刚起始发行,便遭遇中华邮政接办,为此绝大非常多回想邮票今后得及发售使用,目前所见未使用的新票很多,旧票超少,实寄封更加少。

  Chinese Red Posts

Postage Labels of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area

  The pattern of the stamp initially from Gao Jincai who created the draft showing a soldier with prone position, but this was not adopted, current pattern was created by Zhang Shu. This stamp was printed by stone plate in Shehuchuan in Wutai county Shanxi province.

  1.赤色邮政龙头邮票实寄封

晋绥边区邮政管理局创立后,为缓和邮票供应难题,管理局副参谋长朝儒生,会计股股长王晋章提出发行纪念邮票代签,即国内邮资单位邮票。为了标注边区政府党是保证全国和平大局和邮政的联结,在邮票代签上未写晋绥邮政字样,况兼在用量不小的境内平信邮资已付的代签上,还写了中华邮政字样。那些提出经晋绥边区行署批准后,于1950年三月1日职业发行纪念邮票代签生龙活虎组5枚。计有本国平日印制物一百公分(蓝卡塔尔,本国经常印制物八百公分(灰紫卡塔尔,国内平信(绿卡塔尔,国内注册信件(铅灰卡塔尔国,我国注册信件资费回执费(红卡塔尔国,邮票代签于1948年4月三日停用。

  In autumn of 1938, Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Border Area Temporary Committee agreed to repeal area temporary post, succeeded by Chinese Post Service and created area post, the stamps issued by temporary post were ceased in December, stamps after ceasing were submitted to third military post of Chinese Post Service which set up in Xian, afterwards transferred to General Post Office of Chinese Post Service in Chongqing.

  1. The Cover with First Stamp of Chinese Red Posts

After the establishment of Postal Service Administration of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area, in order to resolve problem of stamp supply, Chao Rusheng, deputy director of authority, and Wang Jinzhang, section chief of stock accounting, suggested issuing Postage Labels, which were domestic postage unit stamps. For the sake of showing that border area governments preservation of national peace and unified postal service, there were no words Shanxi-Suiyuan Postal Service on postage labels, whats more, there were words Chinese Postal Service on postage labels Domestic Letter Postage Paid, of which usage amount was larger. After Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area prefectural administrative office had given permission, a set of postage labels containing 5 types was formally issued on May.1, 1946. They were Domestic Ordinary Printed Matter Mail 100 cents (blue), Domestic Ordinary Printed Matter Mail 500 cents (gray purple), Domestic Ordinary Mail (green), Domestic Registered Mail (orange), Domestic Registered Mail with Advice of Delivery (red), they were deactivated on Dec. 31, 1947.

  Due to the commemorative stamp was just issued shortly and border area temporary post just succeeded by Chinese Post Service, large majority stamps were not sold and used, the unused stamps have been seen more than used ones, the covers with them few.

  甘南北赤色邮政邮票是最初发行的山阳区邮票。1927年1月,浙西北赤色邮政分公司发行回顾邮票,图案为8字形花框,其内直列赣北南赤色邮政七字,两上角为面值数位。石板印于薄白纸,无齿孔。最近未见新票存世,但有15枚贴该邮票的实寄封存世。那15件实寄封的共处,主假若那时在通过国民党统治区时被国民党扣查下来而保留于今的。在吉林邮务管理局档案中记载了那拾七个封扣查的全经过,1928年九月8日,岳阳市邮局司长密报,有点本省兴国等地苏维埃政坛发出邮件,封皮上贴有红军私造邮票信件,同时,于都、吉安邮局也发掘贴用红军自制之赤色邮票的信件。

此实寄封(图3-4卡塔尔(قطر‎于1947年四月一日由晋绥朔县寄往朔龙川县,贴国内平常印制物八百公分邮资已付双连及我国注册信件资费已付1枚,此种邮票代签实寄封存世甚少,近年来察觉不超过10件。

  (图2-4)

  Stamps of Chinese Red Posts of Southwest Jiangxi were the earliest liberated stamps. In October 1930, Red Postal Administration of Southwest Jiangxi issued stamps, which the design was character pattern frame in 8, with 7 Chinese characters of Red Posts of Southwest Jiangxi arranged in vertical line, with the denomination on two top corners. They were printed by stone plate on white thin paper, imperforated. Unused stamps have not found, only 15 covers with this set of stamps have found so far. These 15 covers could save up to now, the reason that they were detained through the KMT-controlled area at that time. The whole process detained 15 covers were recorded in the file of Postal Service Administration of Jiangxi, which on August 8, 1930, director general of Ganzhou post office received a tip-off that the Soviet government of the part areas of Xingguo of this province sent some letters with Stamps of Chinese Red Posts, at the same time some same ones were found in Yudu and Jian post offices.

A cover delivered from Shuoxian County in Shanxi-Suiyuan Area to Zhongyang County was shown in Fig. 3-4, on which was stuck a pair of Domestic Ordinary Printed Matter Mail 500 cents Postage Paid postage labels and a piece of Domestic Registered Mail Postage Paid postage label, this kind of cover containing postage labels are quite rare, there are no more than 10 pieces have been known so far.

  4.顺平县不常邮政邮票

  近日陕北北赤色邮政邮票区封中中原人民共和国邮票博物院藏5件,李曙光藏1件,东瀛水原明窗藏4件,香江杨乃强藏2件,孙蒋涛藏1件(图1-1State of Qatar,另有2件扶桑古庄昭夫旧藏,已转入我国收藏家手中,共15件,民间藏10件,国家5件,近些日子每件市场股票总值在八百万上述

(图3-4)

  4. Stamps of Tangxian Provisional Posts

  Now the 15 covers with stamps of Chinese Red Posts of Southwest Jiangxi have known. There are 5 covers collected by the museum of Chinese stamps, one cover collected by Li Shuguang, 4 covers collected by Japanese Meiso Mizuhara, 2 covers collected by Hong Kong N.C. Yang, one cover collected by Sun Jiangtao (Fig.1-1). Other 2 covers collected original by Japanese Akio Furusho, now have collected by inland philatelist. Every one value of RMB is more than three million yuan.

5.晋绥边区先是版毛泽东像邮票

  1940年八月十六日在抗日烽火中出生的高碑店市一时邮政邮票,到现在已经近80年了。涞源县临时邮政设在那时候县抗日民主持行政事务府所在地北店头村内贾文田家中。莲池区有的时候邮政辟有通达县内各个区域和冀西各县的邮递路线,发行不时邮政邮票,进行邮资寄递,办理平信、挂号、印制品、平快、明信片等邮政业务。壹玖捌叁年112月,日本有名集邮家水原明窗Meiso Mizuhara先生在首都开设中华夏儿女民共和国邮票收藏品展览,曾展出保护的望都县暂且邮政邮票和当下安国市利用的有的邮政单据。这几个都在表明清苑区暂且邮政有着相比完备的邮政条例和事情制度。莲池区有的时候邮政邮票生龙活虎套2枚,为壹分,陆分三种票面价值。由于战乱物质条件的限量,那套邮票构图简约,且系木戳手工业盖印,用纸与印刷都颇为粗糙。

  (图1-1)

The First Print Mao Zedong Issue of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area

  Stamps of Tangxian Provisional Posts were issued in anti-Japanese time on February 14th 1938, nearly 80 years till today. Tangxian Provisional Posts was set at home of Jia Wentian in Beidiantou village where the county anti-Japanese democracy government was set up. Tangxian Provisional Posts set up the postal routes leading to all districts in the county and counties in West Hebei, issued provisional stamps and delivery with post fee, services were provided such as ordinary, register mails, printing matter, express mails and post cards etc. In October 1981 the well know Japanese philatelist Mr. Meiso Mizuhara held the China stamp collections exhibition in Beijing, the precious Tangxcian Provisional Posts stamps and some post documents used in Tangxian were showed. All those showed that Tangxian Provisional Posts had build up complete postal regulations and business systems. Stamps of Tangxian Provisional Posts include 2 stamps, 1 fen and 5 fen denomination. As limited by poor material conditions during war time, this set stamp has simple patterns, with wooden postmark and stamped by hand, paper used and printing were very crude.

  (Fig.1-1)

1946年三月,国民党反动派撕毁中国人民政治协商会议决定,发动周到国内大战,大举进攻孟州市,和平已无希望。晋绥边区邮政管理局商量发行晋绥邮政邮票。经济研究究,邮票图案定为边防军队和人民最爱怜的伟大带头大哥毛泽东主席像,并写明晋绥邮政字样。

  一九三八年七七事变后,日军侵入笔者华中腹地,国民党军队弃地南逃,中华邮政员工溃散,邮政部门注销。5月下旬,国共两党就红军改编和战争任务举办商谈,中国共产党方面建议将晋、察、冀、绥四省交界地的涞源、五台、浑源、平山、高阳县等31各县划为红军活动的地段。中国共产党的中央委员会委员会依照《抗日救国十大纲领》和与国民党达成的说道,将中夏族民共和国工人和村民红军主力整编为国民中国国民革命军第八路军。次年一月17日,晋察冀边区军队政坛人大在阜平城内进行,11月18日大会经过宣言和通电,晋察冀边区有的时候行政委员会宣布成立。《宣言》鲜明提出,边区行政委员会的莫过于内容是达成抗日与真正的民主,是民族统世界第一回大战线的政权情势,它富含着各党、各派、各阶层及各个民族分子,在行政系统上,也是中华民国的地点当局。边区军队政坛人大后,经阎伯川转呈国民政党行政治大学和军事委员会,一九四〇年十7月10日正式获得国府行政院和军旅委员会的认同和批准,那标记着晋察冀边区抗日民主持行政事务权的创制和国门抗日民族统第一回大战线的产生与建设布局。

  2.湘东赤色邮票

In Jun. 1946, The Kuomintang reactionary tore up the resolution of Political Consultative Conference, launched an all-sided civil war, and aggressively attacked the liberated areas, there was no hope of peace. Postal Service Administration of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area fermented to issue stamps for Shanxi-Suiyuan postal service. After discussion, stamp design was decided as portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong, who was the great leader most beloved by people in border region, and marked the words Shanxi-Suiyuan postal service.

  After July 7th Incident in 1937, Japanese armies invaded to inner North China, the KMT armies abandoned north China and escaped towards south, stuff in Chinese Post Service were dismissed and post organization was repealed. In the last ten-day of August, negotiation was held between the CCP and the KMT for Red army adaption and military task topics, Communist Party proposed to define Laiyuan, Wutai, Hunyuan, Pingshan and Tanxian etc. in total 31 counties located on border area of Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei-Sui 4 provinces as red armys areas. Based on Anti-Japanese and country saving ten creeds and agreements achieved with National Party, head of Communist Party adapted Chinese worker-peasant red army to National revolution the Eighth Route Army. Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei area military-political-civil representative congress was held in Fuping city in January 1938, declarations were generated and approved by congress on 15th January, Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Area Provisional Administration Committee was set up. Clearly defined in the Declarations that, main tasks of area administration committee were implementation of anti-Japanese and the real democracy, regime form of National united front, it included all parties, groups, stratums and nationalists, form political system, it was the regional government of Republic of China. After the congress, via submitted by Yan Xishan to National government administration and Military committee, be approved by National government administration and Military committee on 31st Jan. 1938, which stands for foundation of Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei area anti-Japanese democracy regime and area anti-Japanese National united front.

  2. Stamps of West Fujian Red Posts

毛泽东主席像邮票的设计和呆板是请及时任《晋绥晚报》油画乡长的国内盛名水墨乐师李少言担负。开端,李少言同志设计的是毛泽东主席右边像,刻板拓印为桔浅珍珠红单枚印样。在中国共产党的中央委员会委员会晋绥分公司和行署举行秘书长会议时,晋绥邮政管理局姚振声厅长将印样带到会上,请贺龙等理事同志审核。贺龙同志看后笑着说:那不像毛外公。因而,毛泽东主席左边像邮票图稿未被选拔。会后,又请李少言同志设计并刻制了毛润之正面像邮票版。邮票正中为毛子任正面像,四角分两行横书晋绥、邮政,右读。两边为面值XX圆。李少言同志是用木口木刻方法刻制原版,所用刻刀是他亲自到军区兵工厂采用材质,自个儿加工制作的,刻出的线条不粗大,在边境那时候是唯风流浪漫可刻细线条的刻刀。毛泽东主席正面像图稿被选择后,作为晋绥边区第黄金时代版毛泽东像邮票主图,于一九四六年十17月1日批发。

  被中共中央名字为敌后范例的抗日事务厅及统世界一战线的圭表区的晋察冀抗日分部,是中国共产党在敌后创立的首个抗日事务部。晋察冀边区行政委员会又是敌后抗日根据地中独一获得国府行政治大学和大中国共产党中央军事委员会员会正式确认的边界政坛。为适应战时军队和人民通讯的内需,一九三九年7月末带头筹建边区一时邮政,九月份发行半白日图邮票,次年三月边界不时行政委员会成立,5月边界不时邮政分部续又发行全百日图邮票,同偶然间曲阳县一时邮政也于一九四零年终建设构造,并于7月十十一日发行有的时候邮政邮票。那么些都以抗日战视如草芥时期本人革命根据地最先发行的回想邮票。半白日图票、全白日图票与高碑店市暂且邮政邮票,构图风格极为相符,或取白日徽生机勃勃角,或用白日徽主图,非常清苑区近年来邮政壹分票,主图为全白日和五个五角星,星日搭配,那反映了立即国难当头、抗日战争开端、国共合作业已产生的历史背景。

  壹玖叁零年春夏,毛泽东、朱代珍率红四军从湘赣地界(即关门山地带State of Qatar入闽,转战赣北、闽南,占有了永定、上杭、怀化等县。以三县为中央,北连浙东,北濒粤东,开荒了新区,并于一九二三年11月树立甘南苏维埃政党,后于壹玖叁肆年3月改为亚马逊河省苏维埃政党,成为苏维埃中心革命分局的关键组成都部队分。

Mao Zedong Issue Stamp was designed and blocks for printing were cut by Chinese famous printmaking artist Li Shaoyan, who was serving as section chief of fine arts in Jin-Sui Daily. At first, Li Shaoyan design a profile portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong, cut block and printed a single proof in jacinth. While meeting of heads of the CPC central committee Shanxi-Suiyuan branch and prefectural administrative office were holding, Yao Zhensheng, the Secretary of Postal Service Administration of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area, brought the proof to the meeting and review by leaders including He Long. Seeing the proof, He Long said, Its not like chairman Mao. Hence, the draft design were not adopted. After the meeting, Li Shaoyan were asked to design a frontal portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong, and cut blocks for stamp printing. The portrait of Mao Zedong were in the middle of the stamp, words Jin-Sui and You-Zheng lied on four corners, read from right to left. Denomination XX yuan lied on two sides. Li Shaoyan used wood engraving to cut blocks, the graver material was selected in arsenal and made by himself. The lines cut by this graver were very delicate, it was the only graver could cut such lines in border area. After the draft design of a frontal portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong was accepted, it was used as design of The First Print Mao Zedong Issue of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area, which were issued on Jan.1, 1947.

  图2-5为安国市一时半刻邮政邮票和及时安国市动用的邮政排单。

  Spring and summer of 1929, the fourth red army led by Mao Zedong and Zhu De marched Fujian from Hunan-Jiangxi border area, fought South Jiangxi and West Fujian, attacked and occupied Yongding, Shanghang, Longyan counties. The three counties were as the fenre, joined South Jiangxi at north, joined East Guangdong at west, opened up new liberated area, built Soviet Government of West Fujian in March 1930, following was changed into Soviet Government of Fujian Province, and became an important part of Soviet Central Revolutionary Base Area.

画画为毛泽东像,由李少言设计。石版印刷,图幅20.524.5mm,印制全张横20枚直5枚,印成9种分化的颜料,在每一块颜色版上转移 一上面值,无齿孔。

  Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei anti-Japanese base area which was praised by Communist Party as model of anti-Japanese base and National united front was the first anti-Japanese base in enemy rear areas. Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei administration committee was the only one area government which was admitted by national government administration and military committee in all base areas. In order to fulfill demands of military and civil communication in war time, border area provisional post was set up in end of November 1937, Half White Sun stamp was issued in December, area provisional administration committee was set up in January following year, Full White Sun stamp was issued in February by area provisional post, meanwhile Tangxian Provisional Posts was set up in beginning 1938 and provisional stamps was issued on 14th February, these were the earliest stamps issued in revolution base areas during anti-Japanese war. Half White Sun stamp, Full White Sun stamp and Tangxian Provisional Post stamp were with similar patterns, take part of white sun badge or main part of white sun badge, especially for 1 fen denomination stamp of Tangxian provisional stamp, main parts of pattern included full white sun and two pentacles, which represents of the history background that in beginning phase of anti-Japanese war, county in deep danger, cooperation between Communist Party and National Party was formed.

  赣西交通事务部,早在壹玖贰陆年的下三个月即创建,并于八月批发了甘南赤色邮政邮票2种,邮票上印有赤色邮政字样,以苏维埃徽志为水墨画的纪念邮票,图为倒背的镰锤。一九三三年十1月,陕北交通分部又发行了生机勃勃套镰锤正置的赤色邮花邮票。邮票平版石印于加厚毛边纸上。设计者为张庭(Zhang TingState of Qatar竹,本地聊城人,1929年毕业于东京新华艺校,1926年到庭革命,还曾设计过钞票。邮票面值以铜钱计值,单位为片。片是枚的苏南土话。

Stamp design was portrait of Mao Zedong, which was designed by Li Shaoyan. Stamps were printed by stone lithography, size of the stamp was 2024 mm, a printing sheet contained 20 vertical and 5 horizontal rows of stamps, which were printed into 9 different colors, denomination of stamps with different colors are different. They were all imperforated.

  Fig. 2-5 shows stamps of Tangxian provisional posts and post arrange list used in Tangxian that period.

  Communication Bureau of West Fujian was built on the second half of 1930, and released a set of 2 stamps of West Fujian Red Posts in October, with the inscription of Red Posts. Stamps had soviet emblem as main design, and hammer and sickle of soviet emblem was mirror image. In January 1931, Communication Bureau of West Fujian released again a set of 2 stamps with Red Stamps, and hammer and sickle of soviet emblem was not mirror image. The stamps were printed by lithography on thicken paper made from bamboo, designed by Zhang Tingzhu, which he was Longyan local people, graduated from Shanghai Xinhua art school, participated in revolution in 1929, designed money. The name of currency was copper currency. Denomination unit was 片pian. 片pian was West Fujian dialect of 枚piece.

晋绥邮政毛泽东侧边像(绿深红State of Qatar10元样票,李少言设计。核查时因为不像毛泽东,设计者又再一次设计改成正面像,即后来正规发行的毛泽东邮票图案,珍罕。

  (图2-5)

  邮票共二种,其面值数字写法均不均等:

Below is a proof Profile Portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong (rufous) by Shanxi-Suiyuan postal service, which were designed by Li Shaoyan. After reviewing, because it was unlike Mao Zedong, designer redesigned the draft and changed it into a frontal portrait, which was the design of Mao Zedong stamp official issued afterwards. The proofs are rare.

  (二卡塔尔(قطر‎广西战邮

  There were 3 kinds of stamps that the denomination figure and style of writing were different.

图3-5-1 为依存唯风流倜傥的晋绥邮政毛泽东左边像(淡暗黄卡塔尔(قطر‎10元未使用试印样票(上卡塔尔国,具有李少言签字的3元采纳试印样票(下卡塔尔(قطر‎。

  Shandong War-Time Posts

  2片写作贰片。4片写作四片。4片写作肆片。方连价格120万(图1-2卡塔尔。

As shown in Fig. 3-5-1, above is the unique unadopted proof Profile Portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong (rufous) by Shanxi-Suiyuan postal service, the denomination of which was 10 yuan, below is an adopted proof with Li Shaoyans signature, the denomination of which was 3 yuan.

  5.根据地之章邮票

  2 pian was written as 贰片, 4 pian was written as 四片 or 4 pian was written as 肆片. The price of block of four is 1.2 million yuan so far (Fig.1-2).

图3-5-2 为晋绥边区第风流洒脱版毛泽东像15元、80元邮票实寄封,贴此票实寄封近期察觉不超过5件。

  5. Seal of D.G. of Posts Stamps

  江西省博也藏有此票,系1932年由农香港民主民生协进会会保存下来的。永安县老乡张暖祥捐赠出赤色邮花(94State of Qatar大方连邮票,在国家博物馆馆内藏品。

A cover on which stuck a 15 yuan and a 80 yuan stamp of The First Print Mao Zedong Issue of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area was shown in Fig. 3-5-2. There are no more than 5 covers with these stamps have been known.

  1944年一月7日,西藏省战时邮务根据地确立后,3月间请湖南省战时工会文书科张剑、韩寓吾及王济让等人筹算了辽宁战时邮政邮票。据张剑记念:四川地图邮票是基于那时山西所辖地区的缩影设计的,地图周围抗日烽火光芒四射,标志着云南的抗日有着美好的功名;火炬图邮票,象征着山西公民在国共的首长下,高举抗日救亡的变革火炬奋勇前行;战士冲刺图和骑兵图邮票,生动的显现了抗日战士持枪冲锋和骑兵战士跃马扬刀冲向仇人,英勇杀敌的气贯虹彩;时期车轮图的邮票,展现了抗日军队和人民领悟抗日历史车轮滚滚向前。

  This set of stamps is collected yet in the Museum of Fujian Province, which were saved by local peasant association since 1931. Block of 94 of Red Stamps donated by Yongan county peasant Zhang Luanyang was collected in the Country Museum.

(图3-5-1)(图3-5-2)

  Shandong war-time post office was set up on February 7th 1942, the post office invited Zhang Jian, Han Yuwu and Wang Jirang etc. from amanuensis section of war-time labor union Shandong province to design the Shandong war-time post stamp. As memory from Zhang Jian: the stamp with pattern of Shandong map was designed based on epitomes from Shandong domination areas, anti-Japanese balefire flashing round the map, which stands for bright perspective of anti-Japanese in Shandong; the stamp with pattern of Hand holding torch, stands for Shandong people march forward full of courage holding the revolution torch of anti-Japanese and country saving under leading by CCP; Soldier charging stamp and Cavalry man stamp vividly represented anti-Japanese soldiers holding submachine guns and cavalry soldiers rushing at enemies, heroism was fully showed; Stamp with pattern of times wheel, represented anti-Japanese soldiers and folk marching forward with steering anti-Japanese historical wheels.

  该邮票采取到1935年10月八日,苏维埃大旨政政党人民群众集邮票、邮资规范甘休。

6.晋绥边区毛泽东像邮票第二次加盖暂作改值邮票

  据《中中原人民共和国温县邮票史》华西卷(上卡塔尔国介绍说:江苏战时邮政加盖办事处之章邮票共5枚,有山东地形图(蓝绿卡塔尔国1分;战士冲刺图(绿卡塔尔2分;火炬图(蓝State of Qatar5分;时期车轮图(日光黄卡塔尔(قطر‎1角;骑兵图(深棕State of Qatar5角。不过查遍《中夏族民共和国邮票全集》山阳区卷和《中国邮票图鉴》(山阳区卡塔尔(香岛杨乃强编卡塔尔国均无此票,只《中国全员革命大战时代邮票目录》中有4枚,即1分、2分、5分及5角(本组邮票尚有1角意气风发种。因而看来那枚纪念邮票尚未发行,仅在档案中有记录卡塔尔(قطر‎。

  Until Soviet central government unified postage standard on April 30, 1932, this set of stamp were used.

The Second Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged on Mao Zedong Issue of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area

  图2-6列出的长江地形图(橄榄黄State of Qatar1分邮票存世仅6枚,火炬图(蓝卡塔尔5分双连存世仅2件。

  (图1-2)

1948年十三月二十四日,晋南区邮政管理局在发行农耕图第叁回加盖暂作改值邮票的还要,发行第二版毛泽东像加盖暂作改值邮票风流倜傥套1枚:黑字60元/500元(蓝State of Qatar。加盖面值为RMB。石印加盖,暂作陆拾圆分两行上线横列,右读,加盖全张80(204卡塔尔枚,清远城内独资石印馆承盖。

  As information from East China volume of Stamp history in China liberated areas: Seal of D.G. of Posts Stamps from Shandong war-time posts included 5 pieces, 1 fen denomination with pattern of Shandong map (red); 2 fen denomination with pattern of Soldier charging (green); 5 fen denomination with pattern of Hand holding torch (blue); 10 fen denomination with pattern of Man pushing large wheel(light yellow); 50 fen denomination with pattern of Cavalry man (dark brown). But this set of stamps cannot be found in liberated area volume of China stamp collections and Peoples Republic of China stamp picture collections (liberated area, edited by Yang Naiqiang from Hongkong). Only in Stamp catalog in Chinese people revolution war-time four pieces were found, namely 1 fen, 2 fen, 5 fen and 50 fen denominations. Based on that, 10 fen denomination stamps did not issued and only recorded in archives.

  (Fig.1-2)

On Jul. 15, 1949, at the same time as stamp The First Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged on Ploughing Design was issued by Postal Service Administration of South Shanxi Area, a set of a single stamp The Second Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged on Mao Zedong Issue was issued, which contained a single type, black letter 60 yuan/500 yuan (blue). The overprinted denomination was Ren Min Bi. The stamps were overprinted with stone lithography, words Zan-Zuo and Liu-Shi yuan were arranged in two rows, read from right to left, number of pieces in a sheet was 80(204), overprinted by private stone lithographic house in Linfen City.

  Only six stamps of 1 fen denomination (red) with pattern of Shandong map, and two stamps of 5 fen denomination (blue) with pattern of Hand holding torch have been found. (Fig. 2-6 )

  3.湘赣边省赤色邮票

图3-6为山东汉县寄上海挂号实寄封,贴晋绥农耕图第五回加盖暂作改值邮票,暂作拾圆,晋南率先次加盖暂作改值邮票,暂作贰拾圆及第贰次加盖暂作改值邮票黑60圆/500圆1枚,销山北周县,1948. 9.18戳,有首都,1950.10.14达到戳。为晋南毛泽东像三回加盖唯意气风发采纳实例。

  (图2-6)

  3. Stamps of Hunan-Jiangxi Border Province Red Posts

A registered cover from Xiaxian County in Shanxi to Beijing was shown in Fig. 3-6, on which stuck a piece of stamp The 5th Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged on Ploughing Design by Shanxi-Suiyuan Area (temporarily used for 10 yuan), a piece of stamp The First Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged on Ploughing Design by South Shanxi Area (temporarily used for 20 yuan), and a piece of stamp The Second Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged on Mao Zedong Issue (black letter 60 yuan/500 yuan), cancelled by postmark Shanxi Xiaxian, 1949. 9.18 and marked by destination datemark Beijing, 1949.10.14. It is the unique use case of The Second Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged on Mao Zedong Issue stamp.

  6.率先版毛泽东像邮票

  1934年3月,中心决定创造湘赣省。当年12月8日,湘赣市纪委成立,继之省苏维埃政坛亦建设布局,驻地在永息县。湘赣省又称湘赣边境、湘赣边省。

(图3-6)

  6. The First Print Mao Zedong Issue

  In July of 1931, the Soviet central government decided to set up the Hunan-Jiangxi Province. On October 8, 1931, the Hunan-Jiangxi provincial party committee was built up, following the Soviet Government was also built and was located at Yongxin County. The Hunan-Jiangxi Province was called as Hunan-Jiangxi Border Area.

(二)东北区

  1944年春,江苏抗战时局开首好转,共产党领导的八路军最早部分还击,同年3、6月间,毛泽东主席、朱代珍总司令对吉林作了大器晚成层层重大提醒,11月,罗荣恒同志着文呼吁学习毛泽东思想。《华日报》发布题为上学毛泽东观念、组织大伙儿大比较多的社论。在党核心、毛泽东主席的不错领导下,湖北抗日总部一年来应战和生育都获可喜战绩,前后相继解放部分县城,抗日总局达900多万总人口,毛泽东主席的气概不凡形象和名气举世瞩目,为全党和全国军队和人民所保养。

  湘赣边省立中学华赤色邮政办事处,局址设在永平桥区(现为永新县乐川镇公安警察局本部State of Qatar,于1933年10月26日前发行了名称为湘赣省赤色邮票,计二种:1分、2分和8分(图1-3State of Qatar,图案均为五角星、镰刀、铁锤。用至1934年3月15日苏维埃大旨政党联合苏维埃区域邮政截至,仅约四个月时间。整套股票总市值200万元。

Northeast China Area

  壹玖肆叁年七月,山西省战时邮政事务所印刷了湖北战邮毛泽东像(豆蔻梢头版State of Qatar邮票3枚。其颜色、面值是:(蓝卡塔尔(قطر‎5分、(绿卡塔尔(قطر‎1角、(深棕卡塔尔国5角,由胶东战邮管理局委托胶东《大众报》社印厂铜版印制。邮票为报纸,图幅1627mm,全张20(45卡塔尔国枚,无齿孔,比斯开湾币。邮票下端书写湖北战邮。

  Chinese Red Postal Administration of Hunan-Jiangxi Border Province was located at Yongxin County, and released 3 kinds of 1 fen, 2 fen, and 8 fen stamps (Fig.1-3) with the inscription of Hunan-Jiangxi Border Province Red Stamp. Their design was five-star, hammer and sickle. Until soviet area posts were unified by Soviet Central Government on April 30, 1932, they were used, only about half a year. The price of whole set of stamp about is 2 million yuan so far.

7.张家口版毛泽东像邮票

  发行毛泽东像邮票,表达了宽广军队和人民对伟大带头大哥的友爱。那是全国解放区发行的记忆邮票上第一遍现身毛泽东肖像。

  湘赣边省赤色邮票,曾大器晚成度被认为是苏维埃区域发行的率先套邮票。近年经考证,它发行于一九三五年二月早先,并非1926年,晚于苏南北、闽东等事务厅的邮票发行时间。

Mao Zedong Issue of Tonghua Print

  图2-7为湖北战邮意气风发版毛泽东像(蓝State of Qatar5分全张票,以致接收实例。

  Red Stamps of Hunan-Jiangxi Border Province were once considered as the first set of stamp issued by Soviet Area. In recent years of textual research it was issued before September of 1931, but not 1929, posterior to issuing time of stamp of Southwest Jiangxi and West Fujian.

江西孟州市是南满革命分局的组成都部队分,坐落于西南的南方,南于旅大和安东省接壤,东北与朝鲜毗邻,西临西满和冀察热辽温县,北边与西藏辽北省为邻,抗日大战胜利后,一九四两年九月6日,冀热辽军分区少将曾克林,副政治委员唐凯率部进驻埃德蒙顿,十二月13日在博洛尼亚专门的学问确立了莱茵河政坛。1950年四月甘肃政坛进驻大理。

  War situation turned to getting better in Shandong in spring of 1943, the Eighth Route Army leading by Communist Party started to beat back locally, in March and April this year, Chairman Mao Zedong and commander-in-chief Zhu De gave series important instructions to Shandong, in July comrade Luo Ronghuan wrote articles and called on to learn Mao Zedong ideology. Folks daily issued leading article with theme of learning Mao Zedong ideology and Unite majority of folks. Under correct leading by Central Communist Party and Chairman Mao, huge achievements were got on battle and foodstuff production in Shandong anti-Japanese base area in the past year, some counties were liberated, population more than 9 million in liberated base area, brilliant image and prestige of Chairman Mao goes deeply in peoples heart, be esteemed by whole Communist Party and people nationwide.

  (图1-3)

Liaoning Liberated Area was a part of Southern Manchuria Revolutionary Base Area, located in south of Northeast China, the south bordered with Lvda and Andong Province, the southeast bordered with Korea, the west bordered with Western Manchuria and Hebei-Chahar-Rehe-Liaoning Liberated Area, the north bordered with Jilin and Liaobei Province. After the War of Resistance against Japan, in Sep. 6, 1946, Zeng Kelin, the commander of the Hebei-Rehe-Liaoning military sub-command, together with Tang Kai, the deputy politics commissar, led the troops into Shenyang, and Liaoning government was formed on Oct.12 in Shenyang. In Jul. 1946, Liaoning government entered and garrisoned Tonghua.

  In March 1944, Shandong War-time Postal Administration issued Shandong war-time post stamps in total 3 pieces with pattern of portrait of Mao Zedong (first print). The color and denominations are: 5 fen (blue), 10 fen (green), 50 fen (dark brown), the stamps were authorized by Jiaodong War-time Post Administration Bureau to Jiaodong the Public Newspaper printing house, printed with copper plate. Stamps are white newspaper, size 1627mm, in total 20 pieces per plate (4 x 5), imperforation, Beihai currency. Shandong War-time Post marked on bottom of stamps.

  (Fig.1-3)

1947年1月,西藏省邮政管理局在河源创建,为满意黑龙江地区邮政业务供给,发行普通邮票1套3枚,邮票主图为毛泽东像,邮票的上部有中华夏儿女民共和国山阳区5字,下部有多瑙河邮政4字,两边各以7条分隔号装饰成柱形,四角为面值(西北币卡塔尔,分2元、5元、10元三种,白纸石板印制,图幅为2125毫米,无齿孔。邮票设计者王为绎,原在辽宁战时邮政工作,那时候任莱茵河省邮政管理局分娩乡长,由魏修改章程排版,北海新兴印厂印刷,此套毛泽东像邮票于1月八十二十20日发行,由于平信邮资已由2元调为5元,所以2元票面价值售出极少,使用范围只限于营口周边的八个县,因而使用者相当少。

  The issuing of stamps with pattern of portrait of Mao Zedong, which expressed peoples love and respect to the great leader. This is the first time that portrait of Mao Zedong appears on stamps in liberated areas nationwide.

  4.湘鄂西赤色邮票

In Aug. 1946, Postal Service Administration of Liaoning Province was set up in Tonghua, in order to meet the needs of postal service in Liaoning region, a set of 3 regular stamps was issued. Stamp design was portrait of Mao Zedong, there were 5 words Zhong-Guo-Jie-Fang-Qu upside and 4 words Liao-Ning-You-Zheng downside the stamp. There were 7 separatrixes decorated like pillar at both sides, denomination (Dongbei Bi) were placed in four corners and classified in 3 types: 2yuan, 5yuan and 10yuan. The stamp was printed by stone lithographic using white paper, size of stamp design was 2125mm, imperforated. Designer was Wang Weiyi, who formerly worked in Shandong postal service in wartime, then served as production section chief in postal bureau of Liaoning Province. The printing plate was made by Wei Xiuzhang, stamps were printed by Xinxing Printing Work in Tonghua, and issued on Aug. 15. For the sake that postage of ordinary mail changed from 2 yuan to 5 yuan, very few of 2 yuan stamps were sold, the range of application was limited in 9 counties around Tonghua, hence they were seldom used.

  Fig. 2-7 shows that the whole sheet of first print of 5 fen blue stamps with Mao Zedong portrait issued by Shandong War-time Post, and its usages.

  4. Stamps of West Hunan-Hubei Red Posts

宿州版毛泽东像5元双连实寄封(图3-7State of Qatar,销江西样子哨,壹玖肆柒.7.5戳,已知存世仅此1件,极为珍罕。

  (图2-7)

  一九三〇年十10月,贺龙、周逸群领导的红四军与红六军在湖北省沙市见面,组成红二军团,与洪湖分局连成一片,成为湘鄂西分部。创建了湘鄂西市级委员会、省苏维埃政坛。湘鄂西省赤色邮务总部亦于壹玖贰柒年秋成立,不久即发行邮票豆蔻梢头枚,面值1角(图1-4卡塔尔国,图案为地图,个中心有五角星、镰刀、锤子和楷模,并印有湘鄂西省赤色邮务根据地全称。

A cover on which stuck a pair of Mao Zedong Issue of Tonghua Print 5yuan stamps was shown in Fig. 3-7, which was cancelled by datemark Liaoning Yangzishao, 1947.7.5, only this piece have been known, it is extremely rare.

  7.牛耕、掷弹图邮票

  In July 1930, the Fourth Red Army led by He long and Sixth Red Army led by Zhou Yiquan joined forces in Gongan Gounty of Hubei Province, formed the Second Red Legion, and together with Honghu base as one, became West Hunan-Hubei Revolutionary Base. Provincial Party Committee and Soviet Government of West Hunan-Hubei were built. Red Postal Administration of West Hunan-Hubei Province was set up in the autumn of 1930, following issued a stamp of denomination 1 jiao(Fig. 1-4). The design of stamp was map, with five-star, hammer, sickle and flag in central, and printed with the inscription of Red Postal Administration of West Hunan-Hubei Province.

(图3-7)

  7. Ploughing and Throwing Grenade Issue

  近些日子看看的此种邮票均为新票,且多为单枚,未见信销票和实寄封。

8.赤峰版八一五西南解放周年纪念邮票

  1944年,由于几年来日寇频仍扫荡,敌伪顽的经济封锁,广西抗日分部面对大多困难。依照党宗旨前进临盆、保险供给的指令和倡议,全部军队和人民和睦入手,安家乐业,发展坐蓐,克服困难。

  Now only unused stamps and mostly single one have been seen, not found used stamps and covers.

The First Anniv. of Liberation of Northeast on August 15th of Tonghua Print

  一九四三年八月,山西省战时邮务总部印刷发行湖北战邮耕牛图、掷弹图邮票各1枚。耕牛图邮票浅湖蓝1角,掷弹图邮票橘品红1元。图幅2120和2321mm,无齿孔,波罗的海币,平版,白报纸。邮票左侧书写浙江战邮,左侧书写票面价值。这两枚邮票反映了抗日军队和人民一面打仗,一面临盆、征服困难的出征打战历史。

  (图1-4)

一九四两年5月19日,湖南省邮政管理局为挂念东南解放11日年,特用已印就的毛泽东像邮票做底票,用石印方法加盖八一五东北解放周年回想字样邮票大器晚成套3枚,与不加盖的邮票于七月24日还要发行。加盖的文字为燕书体,上边仿宋八一五三字,西北解放周年回顾8字分左右两行竖列右读,呈门字形排列,此中周年的年字写成四横一竖的 字。3种面值用红、紫二种颜色油墨,不印加盖。这种加盖的娄底版邮票比原票越来越少见。

  图2-8为该套邮票不相同刷色,以致1元使用实例。

  (Fig.1-4)

In Aug.15, 1946, in order to commemorate the first anniversary of the liberating of Northeast China, Postal Service Administration of Liaoning Province used Mao Zedong Issue as original stamp, overprinted the set of three stamps with characters August-fifteenth the First Anniversary of Northeast China by stone lithographic, and issued on Aug.15 together with those non-overprinted. The overprinted font was Li-shu, an ancient style of calligraphy current in the Han Dynasty, there were words August-fifteenth in regular script upside the stamp, words the First Anniversary of Northeast China were divided into two vertical rows read form right to left, and arranged as the Chinese character 门, of which the Chinese character 年 was written as . The three types of denomination were in red and purple, non-overprinted. These overprinted stamps are rarer than original stamps.

  In 1944, due to Japanese armys frequent mop-up in past several years and economic blockade by puppetry, lots difficulties had to be faced by Shandong anti-Japanese base area. According to instructions from Central Communist Party enhance production and ensure providing, the people overcome difficulties and evdently enhanced production, closing and foodstuff were well ensured.

  (二卡塔尔苏维埃邮政

图3-8为宝鸡版八一五东南解放周年回看邮票2元、5元邮票,在那之中2元双连票存世仅2件

  In November of 1944, Shandong War-time Postal Administration issued Shandong war-time post ploughing and throwing grenade stamps, 1 piece for each. Ploughing stamp with 10 fen denomination and green color, throwing grenade stamp with 1 yuan denomination and orange color. With size 2120 and 2321mm, imperforation, Beihai currency, lithographic plate,while newspaper. Shandong War-time Posts was written on right side of stamp and denomination marked on left side. The 2 pieces stamps represented the struggle history of anti-Japanese people keep fighting while keep production and difficulty overcoming.

  Chinese Soviet Posts

2 yuan and 5 yuan stamps of The First Anniv. of Liberation of Northeast on August 15th of Tonghua Print are shown in Fig. 3-8, there are only 2 pairs of 2 yuan stamps have been known.

  Fig. 2-8 shows different printing colors of this set stamp, and cover with 1 yuan denomination stamp.

  5.苏维埃邮票

(图3-8)

  (图2-8)

  5. Soviet Stamps

9.辽南加盖暂作、改作改值邮票

  8.胶东区加盖胶东暂作改值邮票

  在国民党军重重围剿下,1931年7月7日,中华苏维埃共和国不常大旨政党在山东瑞金创制。1934年3月1日,建设布局了中华苏维埃共和国中央邮政总部,制订发布了邮政暂行条例和大器晚成雨后玉兰片规章制度,康健了邮政公司部门和邮递路线干线,统一了苏维埃区域邮费标准,发行了挥之不去为苏维埃邮政的回想邮票。接着,西藏、新疆、闽赣、粤赣、湘赣、闽浙赣等苏维埃区域先后建构了邮政管理局,各县和交通要道设邮局,先后设置了常备信函、快信、增势、报纸、寄递等三种政工。

Stamps Overprinted with Temporarily Used for or Changed to and Surcharged of South Liaonan Area

  8. Stamps Overprinted with Jiaodong Temporarily Used for and Surcharge of Jiaodong Area

  Under the encirclement and suppression of the Kuomintang army, on November 7, 1931 the Temporary Central Government of Chinese Soviet Republic was built in Ruijin of Jiangxi. On May 1, 1932, Central Postal Administration of Chinese Soviet Republic was set up. The provisional postal service constitution, and many rules and regulations were formulated and promulgated, postal institutional framework and postal routes were perfect, postal charges of soviet areas were unified, and stamps with the inscription of Chinese Soviet Posts were issued. Following postal administrations of Jiangxi, Fujian, Fujian-Jiangxi, Guangdong-Jiangxi, Hunan-Jiangxi and Fujian-Zhejiang-Jiangxi soviet areas were successively built, many post offices of counties and traffic thoroughfares were set up, multiple postal operation of ordinary letters, express, remittance, newspaper, delivery and so on were opened one after another.

1948年5月11日,在辽东地区也许被国民党分割的时势下,为坚定不移对敌冷眼观望争,中国共产党的中央委员会委员会东北局调控组建辽南省级委员会。同年2月,正式确立了以福建省与Anton省部分地区组合的七个连缀性质的省级行政机构辽南行署。辽南行政公署创造后,辽南地区的邮政职业分别由辽宁和Anton邮政管理局保管。1948年四月,在瓦房店正式确立辽南邮政和邮电通讯管理局。

  1944年5-四月,胶东战时邮务管理局举行贰次邮资调解。由于新的回想邮票还没印出,调资后所需面值邮票贫乏,于是将湖北战时邮务办事处发行的江苏省战时邮政邮票加字改值6枚,以应急需。

  从一九三四年终到1932年11月红军起始长征时止,在此近八年的时刻里,曾发行苏维埃邮政邮票10种种。

In Jun. 22, 1946, under the circumstance that Liaodong region might be divided by Kuomintang, for adhering to struggle against the enemy, CPC central committee decided to set up provincial Party committee in Liaonan. In August, a transitional provincial administrative unit Liaonan Administrative Office was found, which was composed of parts of Liaoning Province and Andong Province. After the establishment of Liaonan Administrative Office, the postal service in Liaonan region was managed by Postal Service Administration of Liaoning and Andong respectively. In Jul. 1947, Liaonan Posts and Telecommunications Administration was formally set up in Wafangdian.

  图2-9为贴加盖胶东暂作改值邮票5分(紫卡塔尔(قطر‎邮票1枚印制品裸寄邮件,销莱阳1941年6月8日战时邮戳,十三分斑斑,存世不当先3件。

  From the end of 1931 to October 1934, before beginning of red army the long march, nearly three years, more than 10 kinds of stamps with the inscription of Soviet Posts were issued.

1950年,辽南邮政和邮电通信管理局,在西北二版毛泽东像5元(珍珠白卡塔尔邮票上,铅字手盖黑20元。图3-9所示的该票横双连,近些日子现成仅见2件。

  图2-10为山西枣庄寄牙前县实寄封,贴加盖胶东暂作改值邮票1元(红State of Qatar双连,销青岛,1942年11月十一日邮戳。已知存世不超越5件。

  (1卡塔尔国地球Red Banner图邮票

In 1948, Liaonan Posts and Telecommunications Administration overprinted some 2nd Print Mao Zedong Issue of Northeast Area 5 yuan (celadon) stamps in black and surcharged as 20 yuan using type manually. A horizontal pair was shown in Fig.3-9, only 2 pieces have been known.

  During May to August in 1944, Jiandong War-time Postal Administration made a revision for postal fee. Due to new stamps had not been issued yet, the needed denomination stamps were lack after postal fee adaption, 6 pieces surcharge stamps were made overprinted on stamps issued by Shandong War-time Postal Administration, to fulfill urgent demands.

  (1)Red Flag on Globe Series

(图3-9)

  Fig. 2-9 shows a delivery unpackaged print matter with a 5 fen purple overprinted Jiaodong Temporarily Used and cancelled with war-time postmark form Laiyang on September 8th 1944, very rarely. One of three copies has been known.

  主图是半个地球及缀有五角星和镰锤的轨范(图1-5卡塔尔,石版印于薄白纸,无齿孔。此邮票上有一公约5毫米长的植物纤维,在印制进度中因为邮票纸表面与外力接触而粘于未干的油墨上面,地方正巧坐落于邮票上的标准内,构成了它在邮票史上卓越而又爱护的地点。

10.西南毛泽东像邮票第八回加盖改作改值邮票

  Fig. 2-10 shows a cover delivery from Yantai to Yaqian county, with a pair overprinted with Jiaodong temporarily use, 1 yuan red, and cancelled with postmark from Yantai with 10th February 1945, less than five pieces have been known today.

  The design of stamp was drawn in the half globe and flag with five-star and hammer and sickle(Fig.1-5). They were printed by lithographic plate on white thin paper, imperforated. A plant fibre of 5mm line was stuck on the surface of stamp during the process of printing, and just located inside the flag of stamp design, which formed its status of special and precious in the history of liberated areas stamps.

The Fourth Issue Overprinted with Changed to and Surcharged on Mao Zedong Issue of Northeast Area

  (图2-9) (图2-10)

  (图1-5)

壹玖伍零年三月,东南京邮政和邮电通讯大学电处理分部基于业务要求,在西南三、四版毛泽东像邮票上,铅字机盖,第八次加盖改作改值邮票,在打字与印刷进度中,现身了风姿洒脱部分倒盖、误盖等形成。

  (三)华中

  (Fig.1-5)

In Oct. 1948, according to the need of postal service, Northeast China posts and telecommunications bureau overprinted 3rd and 4th Print Mao Zedong Issue of Northeast Area with Surcharged using type by machine, which was the 4th time to overprint and surcharge stamps. During the process, some varieties like inverted overprint and overprint error appeared.

  Fenral China

  (2State of Qatar五角星镰锤党旗图邮票

图3-10为多哥洛美寄伯尔尼单挂号实寄封,该封贴西南毛泽东像第肆次加盖改作改值邮票中的改作1500元邮票为倒盖变异票,销瓦伦西亚,壹玖伍零.11.25收寄戳、塞维利亚,壹玖伍零.11.28达到戳。为近年来仅见实例。

  9.河源区五角星图邮票

  (2)Red Flags Series

A registered cover from Harbin to Changchun was shown in Fig. 3-10. On which stuck an inverted overprinted stamp Surcharged as 1500 yuan of The Fourth Issue Overprinted with Changed to and Surcharged on Mao Zedong Issue of Northeast Area, and cancelled by datemark Harbin, 1948.11.25 and destination datemark Changchun, 1948.11.28. It is the unique case have been known.

  9. Five-Pointed Star Stamps of Huainan Area

  石版印于报纸,无齿孔,单有地点打孔,3分(铁黄卡塔尔有两种版式(图1-6卡塔尔:

(图3-10)

  五角星邮票1枚,面值20(分State of Qatar,嫩血牙红,邮票上部印有大写拉丁化新文字XUAI NAN(临汾卡塔尔。淮盐城达总站,于一九四四年批发。石板、报纸、无齿孔,图幅1818分米,《新路东》报社印刷,Mina设计,冯舫、高治平制版。全版20{(52卡塔尔(قطر‎+(52State of Qatar}枚,直列同方向或对倒tete-beche三回印制,有双连过桥gutter-pair及双连对倒型tete-beche pair。面值为平顶山币。

  Printed by lithographic plate on newspaper, imperforated, but stamps perforated locally can be found. There are two kinds of plates for the 3 fen green stamps. (Fig. 1-6)

11.东南毛泽东像邮票第捌次加盖改作改值邮票

  图2-11为锦州区五角星图邮票不等刷色,甚至使用实例。

  ① 图幅23.520mm,苏字为简化的 字;

The Sixth Issue Overprinted with Changed to and Surcharged on Mao Zedong Issue of Northeast Area

  Five-Pointed Star Stamps of Huainan Area, 20 fen denomination, light green, top area of stamp was printed with words HUAI NAN, issued by Huainan Communication Bureau in 1943. Stone plate, newspaper and imperforation, size 1818mm, printed by New East Road newspaper office, designed by Mina and platemade by Fang Fang and Gao Zhiping. 20 pieces per whole plate (5 x 2 + 5 x 2), printed two times in vertical array at the same direction or tete-beche, and gutter-pair or tete-beche pair have been found, currency was Huainan currency.

  ① Size of design: 23.520mm, the Chinese character 苏 on the stamps as .

为统朝气蓬勃全国邮资,东南邮管局奉中心财政委员会电令,经东南人民政党批准,自1950年6月三十16日起,调治本区各种邮件资费,东南京邮政和邮电通讯大学电管理总部为适应邮资调度必要,发行西南毛泽东像邮票第柒回加盖改作改值邮票豆蔻梢头套7枚。

  Fig. 2-11 shows Huainan five-pointed star stamps with different printing colors, and its usage.

  ② 图幅2320mm,苏为苏字。

For the unify of national postage, following the order of central financial committee, Northeast China Posts and Telecommunications Administration get approval from Northeast Peoples Government to change the postage for varies of mails in the region. For adapting to the adjustment, Northeast China posts and telecommunications bureau issued a set of 7 stamps The Sixth Issue Overprinted with Changed to and Surcharged on Mao Zedong Issue of Northeast Area.

  (图2-11)

  ② Size of design: 2320mm, the Chinese character 苏 on the stamps as 蘇.

图3-11为西安寄法兰西的山阳区邮票与普东1.回顾邮票混贴实寄封,贴东南毛泽东像第陆回加盖改作改值邮票二〇〇四元2枚,20010元1枚与普东1.5000元1枚,销苏州,壹玖肆玖.4.22收寄戳,并有香江中间转播戳。普东1.邮票与温县邮票混贴封超级少见。

  11.内江区稿字邮票

  (图1-6)

A combination cover with stamps of liberation area and regular stamp for used in Noreast was shown in Fig 3-11, on which stuck 2 pieces of 2000yuan stamps and a p piece of 20000yuan stamp of The Sixth Issue Overprinted with Changed to and Surcharged on Mao Zedong Issue of Northeast Area, and a piece of RN1 5000yuan stamp, cancelled by datemark Shenyang, 1950.4.22 and transit datemark of Hong Kong. Combination covers with stamps of liberation area and regular stamp for used in Noreast are rare.

  11. Manuscript Stamp

  (Fig.1-6)

(图3-11)

  平顶山区是新四军在1939年过后创立的抗日分公司之大器晚成。坐落于广西省北边和新疆省西面,包蕴:襄阳、锦州、伯明翰、迎江区、全椒、六合、天长、揭阳、盱眙、嘉山、凤阳等地。

  (3卡塔尔 战士冲刺图邮票

(三)西北区

  宣城区抗日根据地设有宿州区通达总站,担任交通邮政专业。发行回想邮票的图景与苏中区大约相像,也是按分类的措施,只是私人贴用的邮票,苏中区誉为便邮,龙岩则称私邮。

  (3)Soldier Charging Series

Northwest Area

  1944年春,聊城区畅通总站初步发行回想邮票,图案为五角星,中间有意味免资的数字20,上面横列拼音文字HUAI NAN(梅州State of Qatar,供通常挂号公文使用。木刻版,印于报纸或电报号码纸背面,钴暗绿。

  石版印于白土纸,图幅2520.5mm,无齿孔,面值5分(棕深紫红卡塔尔(قطر‎(图1-7卡塔尔国,这两天存世量新票不足10枚,旧票2枚,中中原人民共和国邮票博物院藏有生机勃勃件46枚的都林票。

12.陕西甘肃宁第意气风发版巍宝山图邮票

  Huainan area was one of the anti-Japanese bases which were set up by the New Fourth Army after 1939. It was located in east Anhui and west Jiangsu provinces, including Bengbu, Huainan, Hefei, Shouxian, Quanjiao, Liuhe, Tianchang, Yangzhou, Xuyi, Jiashan and Fengyang etc.

  Printed by lithographic plate on white paper, Size of design: 2520.5mm, imperforation, denomination: 5 fen, yellowish brown. (Fig. 1-7)

The First Print Pagoda Hill Issue of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Area

  Huainan Communication Bureau was set up in Huainan anti-Japanese base area, which was responsible for communication and posts issues. Status of stamp issuing was similar as Central Jiangsu area, also defined as different types, only difference was, stamps for private use is called convenient stamp in Central Jiangsu while private stamp in Huainan.

  Less than ten unused stamps and two used stamps have been known. A block of 46 stamps is collected at the China National Postage Stamp Museum.

1949年十月二十三日,陕西甘肃宁边区邮政管理局发行第意气风发版昆仑虚图邮票。并在明日的平凉《光明早报》上刊载发卖邮票启事。1五月27日,该报又发布了边防邮电管理局自1月三日起,凡寄往本边区和各温县的邮件均须贴陕西甘肃宁边区邮票的规定。那是陕西甘肃宁边区的邮政管理局进行摄取邮资制度的开头。

  Huainan Communication Bureau started to issue stamps in spring of 1942, with pattern as five-pointed star, in middle of stamp there is the figure 20 which means post fee free, on top area there was spelling letters HUAI NAN, used for normal registered archives. With wooden plate, printed on back side of newspaper or telegraph number paper, with light green color.

  (图1-7)

On Apr. 23, 1946, Postal Service Administration of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Area issued the First Print Pagoda Hill Issue stamp. A notice of stamps selling was published on Liberation Daily in Yanan next day. On Apr. 25, the newspaper published a regulation From Apr. 23 on, mails sent in this area or to other liberated areas must be stuck stamps of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Area. This is the beginning of the implement of paid postage service by Postal Service Administration of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Area.

  用五角星图邮票的印版,刷铬绿,再在中间加印几个中号法国红稿字邮票,是专为赤峰《新路东》报社通信员寄发信息稿件使用的邮票,邮票印于使用过的电报纸背面,用纸极为新鲜。稿字邮票存世10枚左右,皆为孟州市邮票之罕品,而稿字四方连存世仅大器晚成件,被誉为中中原人民共和国马村区邮票中的红印花, 是神州革命战无动于衷时期最珍奇的回忆邮票(图2-12卡塔尔。

  (Fig.1-7)

先是版冈仁波齐峰图邮票是锺灵设计的。一九四二年三月,陕甘宁边区通信总站委托锺灵设计邮票。锺灵接纳义务后,思考邮票图案,首先思索到用歌乐山上的宝塔作为主图。百望山在晋城市东面延河岸上。山顶上的9级宝塔,高耸挺立,为南陈所建,高44米,八角形。党的中央委员会和毛泽东同志进驻拉萨后,宝塔成为革命圣地张掖的象征。于是锺灵便在酒泉旧城西门外,画了一张四姑娘山的速写。主图为驼峰山,山坡上一竖竖富有地点色彩的窑洞。在宝塔相近还会有一口用于防空警告的钟(为金朝万历年间铸造State of Qatar。那张草图送交审核后,获得许可。

  稿字四方连邮票原为新四军老战士沈曾华收藏。 1944年夏,在枣庄抗日事务部中国共产党盱嘉中国共产党县委员会事业的沈曾华奉调江淮高校,同吃同住在一同的报社通信员周兴民,把台式机里夹着的全新稿字四方连邮票送给沈曾华留作回顾,多人相约,等大家赶走了日本帝国主义,到城里再会。随后,沈曾华一向把那一个四方连随身教导,直至全国解放。1980年,周兴民依赖《集邮》杂志上发表的稿字四方连邮票照片,找到了久别37年的老战友。从贰零零陆年起于今,稿字四方连邮票为笔者所藏。

  (4卡塔尔国 战士誓师图邮票

The First Print Pagoda Hill Issue was designed by Zhong Ling. In Nov. 1945, communication terminal of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Area commission Zhong Ling to design stamps. Accepted this mission, Zhong Ling conceived the design of stamp and firstly used the pagoda on Baotashan Mountain as stamp design. Baotashan Mountain located alongside the Yanhe River in eastern Yanan City. The 9-floor pagoda towered on Baotashan Mountain was built in Ming dynasty, it was 44 meters high and octagonal. After the CPC Central Committee and Comrade Mao Zedong entered and garrisoned in Yanan, the pagoda become the symbol of revolution. Accordingly, Zhong Ling drew a sketch of Baotashan Mountain outside the south gate of Yanan old city. The design was Baotashan Mountain, rows of cave dwelling on the hillside, and a bell near the pagoda, which was casted in the Wanli period of Ming dynasty and used for air raid warning at that time. The draft drawing was approved after review.

  稿字票是永州区独有的二个品种,与泰安区东濒的苏中区和盐阜区,也是发行分类图邮票,如平邮、机邮、快递邮件、私邮、便邮、密邮等。这时各分公司的邮政都以归属战邮性质,服务目的是各级政府机关,日照晚报社自然也在其内。

  (4)Soldier Pledging Series

印刷那套回忆邮票的是光后印厂,选用石版印制。光泽印刷厂是陕西甘肃宁边区银行印刷钞票的地点。印刷机器安装在东山坡的一排土窑洞里,该厂是及时边界设备最早进的印厂。印刷那套回想邮票时,先将图案翻制在厚厚的石版上,贰遍可印一大张,为160枚。每印第一次全国代表大会张,要用湿布在版面上擦黄金年代层清澈的凉水,再用橡皮辊滚上油墨,铺上纸,加盖铅皮,在一定的压力下,用人工挥舞辘把,让石板均匀地向前移,张开铅皮,便印出一大张邮票。

  With pattern of five-pointed star and red color, in middle area with big bold Manuscript stamp, it was specific used for reports to sending and receiving news manuscripts in Huainan New East Road newspaper office, stamp was printed on back side of used telegraph paper which was quite special paper. Less than ten pieces Manuscript stamp have been known, which were all rare ones in liberated area stamps. Only one block of four has been known, which was known as Red Revenue in China liberated area stamps, also was the most precious stamp in China revolution war-time period (Fig. 2-12).

  石版印于白土纸,图幅2320.5mm,无齿孔,面值8分(桃红色卡塔尔国(图1-8),前段时间仅见新票4枚、旧票1枚。

The set of stamps was printed in Guanghua Printing House by stone lithographic. Guanghua Printing House was the place where the Bank of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Area printed bills. The printing machines were mounted in a row of loess cave dwelling on eastern hillside. The printing house has the most advanced equipment in border area at that time. When the stamps were printing, the design was reprinted on a thick slab, a sheet containing 160 pieces of stamp could be produced one-time. Once a sheet was printed, the plate should be wiped with wet cloth and rinsing, then put the ink onto the plate with rubber roll, laid the paper and covered a sheet of lead, under a certain pressure, shook the handle manually and let the plate move forward uniformly, after the sheet of lead was uncovered, a sheet of stamp were finished.

  Block of four Manuscript stamps was initially collected by old soldier Shen Zenghua in the New Fourth Army. In summer of 1943, Shen Zenghua who worked in Communist Party Xujia county committee in Huainan anti-Japanese base area was transferred to Jianghuai University, Zhou Xingmin who worked as reporter in newspaper office and lived together with Shen Zenghua presented a unused block of four Manuscript stamps which was hidden in notebook to Shen Zenghua as souvenir, they made an appointment that, we would meet in the city after victory of war of anti-Japanese. Afterwards, Shen Zenghua always take the stamp along with himself till whole country was liberated. In 1980, Zhou Xingmin finally found his old comrade without contact for up to 37 years through the stamp photo published in magazine Stamp collection. From 2005 till today this stamp was collected by me.

  Printed by lithographic plate on white paper, Size of design: 2320.5mm, imperforated, denomination: 8 fen, light blue. (Fig. 1-8)

图3-12为陕西甘肃宁先是版莲花山图邮票四方连,及那时贴用此票寄给陈世俊将军的实寄封,该封上有陈毅将军亲笔转政治部鲜青手书。

  Manuscript Stamp is the type which solely existed in Huainan area, in Fenral Jiangsu area and Yanfu area which located next to Huainan area also issued pattern stamps, such as official、secret、express、private、confidential etc. The posts that moment in liberated area were mostly military posts, servicing objects were Communist Party, politician and other institutions, Huainan daily newspaper office was one of them.

  Only four unused stamps and one used stamps have been known.

A block of four The First Print Pagoda Hill Issue of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Area stamps and a cover on which stuck the stamps and delivered to General Chen Yi were shown in Fig.3-12. The characters past on to political department on the cover were written by Chen Yi.

  (图2-12)

  (图1-8)

(图3-12)

  12. 阳泉平机手盖样票

  (Fig.1-8)

13.伊塔阿劳摄人心魄民图邮票

  12. Proofs by Hand-Overprinted with Official and Secret of Huaibei Area

  (5卡塔尔(قطر‎ 工人和乡里人图邮票

Labouring People Issue of Yili-Tacheng-Artai Area

  到1941年,北海、苏中、盐阜区前后相继皆已经发行了邮票,但兴安盟还从未发行。从现成的吕梁实寄封能够见见信封上独有邮戳而无邮票,无论公、私信件豆蔻梢头律免费寄递。到1942年下7个月嘉峪关交通战曾酝酿发行邮票,行署老总兼组织局长刘瑞龙同志曾提示通行总站站长思考这几个主题素材,研商个方案。一九四二年底区省委和行政公署由半城迁到孙园集,交通站仍留在洪泽湖畔的半城镇,他们重新商量是不是发行邮票的难题。那时候间调控制了八个临时过度的方案,也是叁个卓绝的方案,即在正式邮票鲜明发行前,先刻几枚纪念邮票戳来代替邮票。这种邮票戳在林芝区内暂不使用,只在寄往外区的信上使用,在寄往外区信奉上独家加盖平或机的印鉴,以替代邮票。这种戳记只使用了豆蔻梢头段时间,未等标准邮票方案出台,抗日战不着疼热胜利了,张家界交通总站归并到新确立的苏皖边境政党邮政管理总部,自此就再未沿用。假如不是时局突变,发行日喀则区邮票也可能达成,那事不得不是巴中通行邮政史上的一个不满。

  (5)Worker and Farmer Series

海南省西南边的伊塔阿区是伊犁、克拉玛依和阿尔泰三地的合称。现在是湖北维吾尔自治区内的伊犁哈萨克自治州和克孜勒苏黎族自治州。

  Areas of Huainan, Fenral Jiangsu and Yanfu all issued stamps till 1944, but Huaibei had not issued. From existed covers in Huaibei could be seen that there was only postmarks but no stamp on cover, post for free for both public and private. Huaibei posts had ever prepared to issue stamp in 2nd half of 1944, administration government director and organization minister comrade Liu Ruilong ever proposed head of Communication Bureau to take this issue in consideration and raise a scheme. Local Communist Party committee and administration government relocated from Bancheng to Sunyuanji in beginning 1945, communication bureau still in Bancheng town at bank of Hongze Lake, topic of stamp issuing was put forward once again. A provisional interim scheme was determined at that moment also a special scheme, namely to carve some pieces of stamp marks instead of stamp before formally issue the stamp. This stamp marks were not used in local Jiangsu-Anhui area temporarily and only used on letters delivered out of area. Hand-overprinted official and secret were printed on envelopes delivery out of area instead of stamps. This stamp mark was only used for short time, victory was got in anti-Japanese war just before formal stamp was issued, Huaibei Communication Bureau merged to newly built Jiangsu-Anhui area communication Bureau, the stamp mark was not used anymore afterwards. If situation mutation did not occurred it would be possible to issue stamp in Huaibei, it could be considered as a pitty in history of Huaibei posts.

  石版印于青绿纸,图幅2320.5mm,无齿孔,面值1角,有二种版式(图1-9卡塔尔(قطر‎:

Yili-Tacheng-Artai Area was composed of Yili, Tacheng and Artai, which located in western Xinjiang Province. Now it is administered by Yili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture and Bortala Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture in the territory of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.

  三种图案均相近东营区的平与机邮,风流罗曼蒂克种图案是飞鸟衔书,另一是手举火炬。两票上角均有辽阳两字,以上二种图书各刻两枚。这种戳记即使简朴,但也记录了战时七台河京邮电大学政的艰难创办实业精气神。

  Printed by lithographic plate on white paper, imperforated, denomination: 10 fen. There are two kinds of plates. (Fig. 1-9)

伊塔阿三区打天下开始时期,曾不时印制发行和在国民党邮票上盖戳使用过邮、税两种用场票。一九五〇年3月,湖北国民党当局企图制作二二五流血事件,撕毁与三区的和平条目,双方再度爆发军事对抗。伊宁与迪化的畅通、邮政通信亦告中断。此时三区市情上充斥国民党钞票,物价逐年高涨。为了约束国民党钞票的流通,稳定物价,三区有的时候事政治府、中心财政治经济学济厅决定重新发行纸币。随后决定印刷发行邮票和调动物资财富。

  图2-13为攀枝花平机手盖样票。

  ① 邮票面值壹角直读,墨蓝,苏维埃邮政的苏为苏状;

At the beginning of revolution of Yili-Tacheng-Artai Area, post-tax dual-use stamps have been temporarily printed and stamps of Kuomintang have been cancelled and used. In Feb. 1947, Kuomintang authority in Xinjiang planned and carried out a bloodshed on Feb.25, and tore up the peace clause against Yili-Tacheng-Artai Area, military confrontation between the two sides happened again. Transportation and postal service between Yining and Dihua were interrupted. At that time, markets in the Yili-Tacheng-Artai Area was full of Kuomintang notes, prices were rising day after day. In order to restrict the circulation of Kuomintang bills, provisional government of Yili-Tacheng-Artai Area and central financial and economic department decided to re-issue notes. Soon afterwards, it was decided that stamps would be printed and issued, and postage would be adjusted.

  The two kinds of patterns were similar as official and secret stamp in Huainan area, one pattern was flying bird taking (bite) the book, another pattern was holding torch by hand. Huaibei was marked on top area of stamp, two pieces were carved for above two stamp marks. This mark was simple but it recorded and reflected the struggling spirit of Huaibei posts in war-time.

  ① Denomination of 壹角 1 Jiao read in vertically, red, the Chinese character 苏 on the stamps as .

1949年10月,伊塔阿三区行业内部发行的回忆邮票是费劲人民图邮票。由伊犁早报社编辑奴尔包沙阔夫设计,伊犁早报社印厂制作而成锌版,用苏造6号米黄色道林纸印刷,荧光色色,无齿孔,货币单位有效期票元。邮票计4种:(1卡塔尔国知识分子图、(2卡塔尔(قطر‎战士图、(3卡塔尔邮递员图、(4State of Qatar煤矿工人图。500元票整版左下角有1枚对倒票。另有二种邮票已制作而成锌板;但未印制发行:(1State of Qatar学习图、(2卡塔尔(قطر‎沙迪尔像。

  Fig. 2-13 shows the proofs by hand-overprinted with official and secret of Huaibei Area.

  ② 邮票面值壹角横读,浅樱桃红,苏字为 状。

In Feb. 1949, Yili-Tacheng-Artai Area Labouring People Issue stamps were formally issued. The stamps were designed by Nurbaoshakuofu, the editor of Yili Daily. The zinc plates were made by Printing House of Yili Daily, stamps were in term bill yuan denomination, blue and imperforated, which were printed of No.6 wood-free paper made in the Soviet Union. There set of stamp included 4 types: Intellectual Issue, Warrior Issue, Postman Issue and Coalminer Issue. There was a tete-beche pair at the lower left corner within the sheet of 500 yuan stamp. Another two designs were used to make zinc plates but not printed nor issued, they were Studying Issue and Shadir Issue.

  (图2-13)

  ② Denomination of 壹角 1 Jiao read in horizontally, light red, the Chinese character 苏 on the stamps as 蘇.

费劲人民图邮票发行范围为伊塔阿三区各县邮政和电信局。一九四八年十月,三区与福建别的各个区域苏醒通邮,贴有这套回顾邮票的信件也从三区寄发到其余地点。壹玖肆柒年2月,中华夏族民共和国人民邮政邮票发到三区,劳使人陶醉民图邮票即停用。

  12.盐阜区寄递邮票

  (图1-9)

The issuance area was posts and telecommunications offices of all counties within Yili-Tacheng-Artai Area. In Feb. 1950, post service between Yili-Tacheng-Artai Area and other areas in Xinjiang was recovered, and mails on which stuck this set of stamp were delivered from the area to other areas. In Apr. 1950, when stamps of Chinese Peoples Post arrived in Yili-Tacheng-Artai Area, Labouring People Issue stamps were disused.

  12. Delivery Issue of Yanfu Area

  (Fig.1-9)

劳使人迷恋民图邮票的面值是以三区流通的期票元为单位。西藏和平解放后,湖南省人民政坛于1949年11月规定:三区期票1250元折合吉林银元票1元,按那时候银元票1元合旧值人民币500元总计,则旧值RMB1元相当于三区期票2.50元。

  1944年一月1日《盐阜区交通局通报》中规定:另有本局新制之寄递邮票一张,新抗五角,系特意采纳寄递款项、包裹,简单称谓寄邮。自八月12日实行。由此盐阜交通总公司于壹玖肆伍年5月19日发行寄递邮票,全套1枚,面值五角,高铁图案,蟹灰色,文字为深梅红,木刻凸版,报纸印刷,无齿孔,面值为新盐阜币(新抗币卡塔尔(قطر‎。

  (6卡塔尔(قطر‎战士进军图邮票

The denomination of Labouring People Issue stamps were in term bill yuan. After the peaceful liberation of Xinjiang, Peoples Government of Xinjiang province stipulated that 1250 yuan of term bill in Yili-Tacheng-Artai Area was equivalent to 1 yuan of Silver Yuan note in Xinjiang. Calculated on the base that 1 yuan of Silver Yuan note was equivalent to 500yuan of the old value of Ren Min Bi, 1 yuan of of the old value of Ren Min Bi was equivalent to 2.50 yuan of term bill.

  此票是高铁头图案,习称火车头邮票。在其实应用中,也作为信函资费贴用。图2-14为该套邮票四方连已用票。

  (6)Soldier Marching Series

图3-13为全体伊塔阿劳摄人心魄民图邮票,此中500元双连为对倒票,以至200元邮票在乌苏县寄迪化的航空封上的利用。

  Provisions in Notice of general posts Yanfu area on 1st March 1945: one piece newly issued delivery stamp, 50 fen, specific used for currency and package delivery, with name of delivery stamp, be used since 15th March Yanfu Communication Bureau issued delivery stamp on 15th Mar.1945, 1 piece per set, 50 fen denomination, pattern of train with blue color, red words, wooden carving protruding printing on newspaper, imperforation, new Yanfu current denomination.

  石版印于薄白纸,图幅22.520mm,无齿孔,面值3角(乌紫卡塔尔(قطر‎(图1-10卡塔尔国,近来仅见新票4枚,旧票1枚。

Complete set of Labouring People Issue stamps was shown in Fig. 3-13, of which the pair of 500 yuan stamps was a tete-beche pair, and 200 yuan stamp was used on air mail from Wusu County to Dihua.

  Due to the pattern is head of train it is called Train head stamp. It was also acctualy used as post fee of letters.

  Printed by lithographic plate on white thin paper, Size of design: 22.520mm, imperforated, denomination: 30 fen, blue. (Fig. 1-10)

(图3-13)

  Fig. 2-14 shows a block of four used stamp of this set stamp.

  Only four unused stamps and one used stamps have been known.

(四)华东区

  (图2-14)

  (图1-10)

East China Area

  13.苏中区第一版无面值邮票

  (Fig.1-10)

14.胶东加盖改作、暂作改值邮票

  13. The First Print Stamps without Denomination of Central Jiangsu Area

  一九三二年5月,第七回反围剿失败,核心红军和苏维埃江山官员机关撤离主旨苏维埃区域开头长征,苏维埃区域邮政部门逐风流罗曼蒂克解散。

Stamps Overprinted with Changed to or Temporarily Used for and Surcharged of Jiaodong Area

  苏中区交通总站一九四三年1月1日发行。第风华正茂版机、快、平无面值邮票共3种,各个又分红字绿图和绿字红图2种刷色,全套共6枚。

  In October 1934, as the fifth counter-campaign against encirclement and suppression failed, the central red army and soviet national leadership evacuated central soviet area and began the long march, soviet postal organization were successively dissolved.

一九四九年六月,胶东邮政管理分部依照专业须要,在黑龙江战时邮政朱建德像邮票上,用铅字机盖,木戳手盖,石印加盖等办法加盖改作、暂作改值邮票。

  机字票,以火炬为图腾,供机密文件信件贴用;快字票,以飞鹰为水墨画,供特快专递信件贴用;平字票,以游轮为美术,供平日信件、文件、书籍贴用。那3种邮票不得供私人使用。图幅19.519.5毫米,文字用1号黑字体。机为简化字。齿孔:10.5度。报纸。全张枚数54(96State of Qatar。3种邮票2种刷色全合印生机勃勃全张。

  6.西北苏维埃区域中华苏维埃邮票

In Aug. 1946, according to the need of postal service, Jiaodong postal bureau branch overprinted Zhu De Issue of Shandong postal service in wartime using type by machine, wooden seal by hand or stone lithographic to surcharge Changed to or Temporarily Used for stamps.

  Communication Bureau of Fenral Jiangsu Area issued the first print secret、 express 、official stamps without denomination on 1st November 1942, in total 3 types, red word green picture and green word red picture for each type, a set of 6 stamps.

  6.Chinese Soviet Stamps of Northwest Soviet Area

图3-14为胶东军区第三军分区海军第十一公司军第一团三营八连连部挂号寄往渤海一团三营八连实寄封,贴胶东烈士塔贰元邮票1枚、山西战时邮政朱建德像加盖红字长富6枚,销胶东战邮,1948.5.4戳,广东潘家镇,5.10戳,广西黄县,5.19戳。此封因该同志已调走详细的情况不明退回。

  Secret stamp with pattern of torch, used for confidential mails delivery; express stamp with pattern of eagle used for express mails delivery; official stamp with pattern of sailing boat used for normal mails, files and books delivery. This 3 types were forbidden to be used for private. Pattern size 19.519.5mm, size 1 bold words. Ji is simplified type word, perforation: 10.5 degrees, newspaper. 54 piece (9 x 6) per set. 3 types stamps with 2 printing color were printed on one sheet.

  1934年7月解放少校征达到粤北。同年10月成立西北邮政管理局,十二月发行了炎黄苏维埃邮政邮票,一套4枚,面值分别为半分、1分、2分、8分,币值为西北苏维埃币,无齿孔,均为木刻板手工业盖印,邮票图案承接苏维埃邮政邮票风格,以名帅像、镰锤、红五星为主图,构图简明。半分、1分、2分,三枚边饰肖似,苏字为 ,8分边饰及主图(圆圈中五角星State of Qatar的职位与任何3枚差别,苏字为苏,此种8分纪念邮票已知存世仅7枚。从版式、用纸、墨色等地点,能够观察,那套记念邮票是在中央工农红军达到湘西后赶紧,在狼狈的规范下印刷的。

A cover mailed from 8th company, 3rd Battalion, 1st Regiment, 18th Group Army of Jiaodong Military Region to 8th company, 3rd Battalion, 1st Regiment of North Sea was shown in Fig. 3-14. On which stuck a piece of 2 yuan stamp Jiaodong Martyrs Monument Issue and 6 pieces of 3 yuan (red letter) stamps Zhu De Issue Overprinted and Surcharged, cancelled by datemarks Jiaodong Zhanyou, 1947.5.4, Shandong Panjiazhen, 5.10 and Shandong Huangxian, 5.19. The cover were returned because of The addressee was transferred and the details were unknown.

  那套回忆邮票由忻元锡(那时名柳明,苏中交通总站副站长State of Qatar思索、寻思、经办。一九四二年春,忻赴新加坡,在四马路(今为瓦尔帕莱索路卡塔尔(قطر‎山中路口一家刻字制版商铺制版。火炬图、飞鹰图、铁船图版各一块,每块9(33State of Qatar枚。因9枚图案分别手工业刻制,故各有出入。3块板子全为锌质凸版。该邮票由《苏中报》印厂印刷。套印的机、快、平3字是木小时鼓文字。印制方法,先将3种图案的3块锌板排成横9纵3计27枚于上半局地,另将机、快、平贰16个木刻字依照相应的岗位排在下半部分,先印草绿(红图、红字State of Qatar然后将图案与木刻字的职分互相调换一下,再印孔雀蓝(绿图、绿字卡塔尔,即成红图绿字、绿图红字之邮票。上半部分与下半部分里边的离开,相距约10分米左右。由于是分色套印,因而红图绿字票为自盖图,绿图红字票为图盖字。

  In October 1935,the red army reached northern shaanxi after the long march. In November the same year, the Northwest Postal Administration was built, issued a set of 4 stamps with the inscription of Chinese Soviet Posts in December. Denomination of 4 stamps was respectively 1/2 fen, 1 fen, 2 fen and 8 fen; name of currency was northwest soviet currency, imperforated, printed in wooden engrave plate by handwork. Style of stamp design of Soviet Posts was adopted continually, which stamp had soldier image, hammer and sickle, five-star for main design, the composition was simple. Border ornament of three kinds of denomination 1/2 fen, 1 fen and 2 fen stamps were same, the Chinese character 苏 on the stamps as . Border ornament of denomination 8 fen stamp was different from other three ones, the Chinese character 苏 on the stamps as 蘇. Only seven stamps have been known. From the plate, paper, ink, etc., it is observed that this set of stamps was printed in very difficult conditions when red army reached northern shaanxi shortly.

贴有胶东加盖改作、暂作改值邮票的注册实寄封存世极少,甚为罕有。

  This set stamp was proposed and designed by Qi Yuanxi (with name Liu Ming that moment, deputy officer of Fenral Jiangsu Communication Bureau). Qi went to Shanghai in spring of 1942, plate made in one platemaking shop on corssing of Sima road (Fuzhou road today) and Shandong road. Each plate for torch pattern, eagle pattern and sailing boat pattern, 9 pieces (3 x 3) per plate. There are differences for the 9 pieces due to manually carved. All 3 plates were protruding plate made by zinc. The stamp was printed by Fenral Jiangsu Newspaper printing house. 3 words secret、 express 、official were bold words wooden carving. The printing method is, 9 vertical and 3 horizontal in total 27 pieces were arranged on top area of 3 zinc plates of 3 patterns, then secret、 express 、official in total 27 carving words was arranged on bottom area on corresponding positions, red color (red picture red words) was initially printed, then exchange positions of patterns and wooden carving words, green color (green picture green words) was printed afterwards, then stamps with red word green picture and green word red picture were generated. Approximately 10mm distance between top and bottom parts. Due to print with different colors, Green word red picture stamp was word covering on picture, red word green picture stamp was picture covering on words.

  五星图邮票

Registered covers stuck on Stamps Overprinted with Changed to or Temporarily Used for and Surcharged of Jiaodong Area are very rare.

  由于那时处在严酷的烽火条件,那套邮票印制,陆续,不是二遍到位。当敌人张开扫荡、清乡时,将在印制机器埋伏起来;仇敌退走,情状允许时,又持续印刷。所用油墨、纸张,也是交叉购入的,能买到什么类型牌号的,即选拔什么项目牌号的。故而那套邮票,在刷色深浅、纸质厚薄优劣方面,均有较显明的差异,因此能够把它分作深色、浅色二组。

  Five Star Series

(图3-14)

  图2-15为苏中区先是版无面值邮票,其行使实例最近仅见2件。

  木刻板手工业盖印与白纸,2120mm,无齿孔(黄绿卡塔尔(قطر‎(图1-11State of Qatar。

15.苏皖边区先是版毛泽东像邮票

  This set stamp was printed with intermittence due to cruel environment of war-time. The printing machine was hidden when enemy mop up; printing was continued after enemy left. The ink and paper used were also purchased with intermittences, the types used just depending on the types purchased. So there was evident deviations for this set stamp on printing color darkness, paper thickness and quality status, therefore it can be divided to dark color and light color two groups.

  Printed in wooden engrave plate by handwork on white paper, Size of design: 2120mm, imperforated, blue. (Fig. 1-11)

The First Print Mao Zedong Issue of Jiangsu-Anhui Border Area

  Fig. 2-15 shows the first print stamp without denomination issued in Fenral Jiangsu area, only 2 covers were found today.

  (图1-11)

抗日战役胜利后,韶关、广安、苏中、浙东等抗日根据地合并建设成苏皖边境,包含广东省的银川、沭阳、淮阴、岳阳、潮州和山东省的泰州、玉溪、天长、全椒等地。设立了16个分区,苏皖边区政府党设在淮阴。

  (图2-15)

  (Fig.1-11)

After the War of Resistance against Japan, anti-japan bases such as Huainan, Huaibei, Suzhong, Subei were combined and Jiangsu-Anhui Border Area was established, which combined with Lianyungang, Shuyang, Huaiyin, Taizhou, Nantong of Jiangsu Province and Bengbu, Huainan, Tianchang, Quanjiao of Anhui Province. The station of Jiangsu-Anhui Border Area government is in Huaiyin and 11 subareas were set up.

  7.陕西甘肃宁特区中华邮政邮票

1947年底,各州交通总站合併为苏皖边区邮政管理局,通令原本外省活动印制的回顾邮票大器晚成律在一九五零年7月28日停用,改用苏皖边区邮政管理局于这个时候五月间发行的毛泽东像邮票。图案上面横框内列苏皖边陲邮政字样,上边中间有四个空心圆圈,分别印有印、便、平、机、快等字。

  7.Stamps of Chinese Postal Administration of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia D.C.

At the beginning of 1946, all local transport central station were combined for Postal Service Administration of Jiangsu-Anhui Border Area, and issued a general order that former stamps printed by local postal service would be disused after Mar. 15, 1946, Mao Zedong Issue stamps issued by Postal Service Administration of Jiangsu-Anhui Border Area in Feb. this year should be used. Words Jiangsu-Anhui Border Area Post Service were placed in the horizontal frame beneath the design, a circle was placed above the design and printed words Yin, Bian, Ping, Ji and Kuai respectively.

  壹玖叁玖年1月,中华苏维埃西南邮政总部改为陕西甘肃宁特区邮政管理局后,发行了中华邮政邮票朝气蓬勃套3枚,当中2枚再版为大字,双胶纸,石版,无齿孔。

便邮邮票为镉青黄。可是还见有便邮莲灰风流倜傥种。这种红便邮印成后,恰好碰上今年2月间调解邮资,由于面值过低,因而未正式发行,留待加盖改值使用,不过后来流传出来一些未加盖改值的红便邮。最近已知红便邮存世仅9枚,图3-15展出了个中的2枚。

  7. Stamps of Chinese Postal Administration of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia D.C.

The color of Bian stamp was light blue, but there was a type of Bian stamp in red. While the red Bian stamps had been printed, the postage was adjusted in Apr. this year, the red Bian stamps were unissued for later use of surcharging due to its low denomination, but some red Bian stamps which were not surcharged spread out afterwards. Currently, there are only 9 pieces of red Bian stamps have been known, 2 of them were shown in Fig. 3-15.

  In March of 1937, the Chinese Soviet Northwest Postal Administration was changed into Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia D.C. Postal Administration, issued a set of 3 stamps with the inscription of Chinese Post Service. Two stamps of them were reprinted in large characters, printed by lithographic plate on glazed printing paper, imperforated.

(图3-15)

  (1卡塔尔 宣传图邮票

16.华西一分区邮票

  (1)Publicity Series

Stamps of the First District of Central China

  石版印于白纸,图幅2320mm,无齿孔,面值半分(朱石磨蓝State of Qatar,由黄亚光设计。第二版半分(宝石红State of Qatar是比照第后生可畏版制图,图案不及首先版细腻,字体不允许绳,中华邮政字体比第风度翩翩版大。

华南第生龙活虎邮电处总管务厅于1949年四月批发华北首先分区油印邮票,面值有50元、100元、200元、300元、500元,共5种,为华西币,限在本分区范围内选择(图3-16卡塔尔。

  Printed by lithographic plate on white paper, Size of design: 2320mm, imperforated, denomination: 1/2 fen, vermilion, designer by Huang Yaguang.

In Dec. 1948, the first postal bureau branch of Central China issued Stamps of the First District of Central China, the denominations were 50yuan, 100yuan, 200yuan, 300yuan and 500yuan in Huazhong Bi, for used within this subarea only (Fig.3-16).

  Reprinted 1/2 fen stamp: dark red, large characters, design the more rough, typeface irregularity, Chinese characters of Chinese Post Service larger than the first print.

1947年四月,华西国集中国人民邮政事务所公司电管理局产生通知,规定1947年4月1日起,除野战军外,无论何种信函,均需贴邮票交寄,据华西一分区邮政和电信管理秘书长卢宇英回想:一九五零年八月,该局的回想邮票用完,又不知供应的纪念邮票哪天能到。为解决供给,他请示了分区专员黄云和煦副专员蔡美江同意,临机会动印刷邮票。那时由该局专门的学业人士顾冰心(bīng xīn 卡塔尔设计并用誊写钢板刻制蜡纸,用墨油墨印于报纸。油印人李德山,印刷地点海安县境;此种油印邮票,共印刷约400余张,发行不久,华北第风华正茂邮政和邮电通讯管理分部接收华北国集中国人民邮政总局集团电管理局发来的记念邮票,任何时候停止出售,实际对外出卖仅10多天,售出的回忆邮票大略攻陷印刷邮票的陆分之意气风发,剩余的邮票收回管理。此种邮票存世甚少,方今意识不超越10套。

  (2卡塔尔 农耕图邮票

In Dec. 1948, Posts and Telecommunications Administration of Central China announced that form Jan.1, 1949 on, all mails must be sent with stamps, except for mails of field army. Lu Yuying was the secretary of the first Posts and Telecommunications Bureau Branch of Central China at that time, according to his memory, in Nov. 1948, the stamps in the bureau were used up, but how soon could supplementary stamps arrive remained uncertain. In order to solve the urgent need, he decided to print stamps by themselves and got permission from commissioner of the subarea Huang Yunxiang and deputy commissioner Cai Meijiang. Gu Bingxin, clerk of the bureau designed and engraved waxing paper by steel stencil plate, Li Deshan printed stamps using printing ink and news sheet in the territory of Haian County. There were more than 400 pieces of the stamps were printed. Shortly after the stamps were issued, the first postal bureau branch of Central China received stamps from Posts and Telecommunications Administration of Central China, then stop selling immediately. The stamps were sold for only 10 days, the quantity sold was about 1/3 of printed, and remainder was withdrawn. These stamps are quiet rare, there are no more than 10 sets have been known currently.

  (2)Farming Series

(图3-16)

  石版印于白纸,图幅2320mm,无齿孔,面值1分(浅豆绿卡塔尔(قطر‎。

17.江淮呼伦Bell加盖改作改值邮票

  Printed by lithographic plate on white paper, Size of design: 2320mm, imperforated, denomination: 1 fen, green.

Stamps Overprinted with Changed to and Surcharged in Anqing of Jianghuai Area

  第二版1分(原野天青卡塔尔国,中华邮政字体比第黄金年代版大。

1950年4月十三日,呼伦Bell市解放。市军管会派邮政接管组进驻中华邮政云南邮政管理局接管。当时,南充市区全体邮政职业,均由江西邮政管理局部面专业股肩负,邮政营业照常实行,使用江淮邮政邮票。四月尾,实践华西区第4号邮资表收取金钱典型,因江淮邮政邮票面值低,急需50元、100元面值邮票,经请示军事管制委员会批准,不常加盖改作改值邮票2种,于壹玖伍零年11月十一日批发,票面价值为毛外公,发行单位为湖北邮政管理局(属黄石军事管制委员会卡塔尔国。

  Reprinted 1 fen stamp: grayish green, Chinese characters of Chinese Post Service larger than the first print.

On Apr.23, 1949, Anqing City was liberated. A workgroup was dispatched to take over the Anhui Postal Service Administration of Chinese Postal Service by local military control commission. At that time, all postal service was taken on by local business group of Anhui Postal Service Administration, the postal service are carried out as usual, and Jianghuai Postal Stamps were used. At the beginning of June, No.4 postage standard of Eastern China Area came into effect. Due to the low denomination of Jianghuai Postal Stamps, 50yuan and 100yuan stamps were in urgent need. Permitted by military control commission, 2 types of Change to stamps were temporarily overprinted and issued on Jun. 24, 1949 by Anhui Postal Service Administration (Attachend to Anqing Military Control Commission), of which denomination was in Ren Min Bi.

  (3State of Qatar 战士图邮票

图3-17为怀宁寄新加坡快信,贴江淮特印普通邮票10元2枚、吉安加盖改作改值邮票50元2枚,销怀宁,一九五〇.7.4收寄戳、上海,1946.7.8达到戳。贴安庆加盖改作改值邮票实寄封非常大海捞针,该实寄封为日本集邮家水原明窗旧藏。

  (3)Soldier Series

An express letter from Huaining to Shanghai was shown in Fig. 3-17, on which were stuck 2 pieces of 10yuan Jianghuai Regular Stamps and 2 pieces of 50yuan Stamps Overprinted with Changed to and Surcharged in Anqing, cancelled by datemark Huaining, 1949.7.4 and arrival datemark Shanghai, 1949.7.8. Covers with Stamps Overprinted with Changed to and Surcharged in Anqing are very rare, this cover was previously collected by Meiso Mizuhara, a famous Japanese philatelist.

  石版印于白纸,图幅2320mm,无齿孔,面值2分(烟灰卡塔尔国(图1-12State of Qatar。

(图3-17)

  Printed by lithographic plate on white paper, Size of design: 2320mm, imperforated, denomination: 2 fen, blue. (Fig. 1-12)

18.苏北珠海加盖改作人民券邮票

  (图1-12)

Stamps Overprinted with Changed to Peoples Certificate in Wuhu of South Anhui Area

  (Fig.1-12)

泰州邮政局经人民政坛批准,于1946年5月4日发行加盖改作人民券邮票2枚,面值为毛伯公5元、10元。木戳手盖土褐改作人民券(新五号楷字,右读卡塔尔国于中华邮政印花税收票证改作金圆邮票上。加盖原票及数据:10元(黑卡塔尔为神州邮政叁次大东版30元交通图印花税收票证加盖金元10元邮票。

  壹玖叁陆年春,陕西甘肃宁边区政府坛同目的在于区内设置中华邮政部门,边区邮政部门注销,11月十六日终止邮政业务,陕西甘肃宁特区发行的中原邮政邮票完毕了它的历史义务。

Permitted by the Peoples Government, in May. 4, 1949, Wuhu Postal Bureau issued a set of 2 overprinted with Changed to Peoples Certificate stamps, of which denominations were 5yuan and 10yuan. Purple words Changed to Peoples Certificate (italicized, read from right to left) were overprinted on Revenue Stamps Overprinted with Gold Yuan and Surcharged by wooden seal manually. Origin stamp was 10 yuan (black) stamp of 1st Dadong Print 30 yuan Traffic Design Revenue Stamps overprinted Gold Yuan and Surcharged of Chinese Postal Service.

  In the spring of 1938, Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia border area government permitted to set up the organization of Chinese Post Service in the area. The border area postal organization were revoked, the postal operations were stop on March 22. The stamps of Chinese Post Service issued by Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia D.C. completed its historical mission.

图3-18为大通寄内江实寄封,贴上饶加盖改作人民券邮票10元/30元(蓝票紫字卡塔尔(قطر‎1枚,销大通,一九四九.5.2戳。已知存世不超越5件。

A cover from Datong to Anqing was shown in Fig. 3-18, on which stuck a piece of 10yuan/30yuan (blue stamp and purple letters) Stamps Overprinted with Changed to Peoples Certificate in Wuhu, cancelled by datemark Datong, 1949.5.2. There are no more than 5 pieces have been known.

(图3-18)

19.粤北屯溪加盖本国邮资已付临时邮票

Provisional Domestic Postage Paid Unit Stamps of Tunxi of South Anhui Area

屯溪坐落于广东省东西边。1946年四月二十六日屯溪解放,适用的新邮票未能登时运去,屯溪邮政局经本地政党批准,不经常刻制木戳盖于邮件上边代替邮票。凡向屯溪邮政局或支局递交的邮件,交付邮资未来,即用木戳盖讫,屯溪相近村镇邮政代办所未发放这种木戳,而是由屯溪邮政局用这种木戳盖成小条,分发下去,供贴信使用。

Tunxi was located in southeast of Anhui Province. In Apr. 29, 1949, Tunxi was liberated, but applicable new stamps had not arrived yet. Approved by the local government, Tunxi Postal Bureau engraved a wooden signet and sealed on mails instead of stamps. Any mail submitted to Tunxi Postal Bureau or substations would be sealed by the wooden after postage had been paid. In rustic postal agencies around Tunxi, due to the absent of this kind of wooden signets, scrips sealed by wooden signet were distributed for usage of mails.

该套有时邮票3枚:平信、挂号、快信。横长形,平信和登记三种戳的面积为29.524.5mm、快信则为3025mm,均石磨蓝。木戳小条内分三格,中间横列本国邮资已付,上面为屯溪,上面是平信,或注册,或快信字样。

The set of temporary stamp contained 3 types, ordinary mail, registered mail and express mail. The stamps were horizontal rectangles, the size of ordinary mail stamp and registered mail stamp was 29.524.5mm, that of express mail was 3025mm, they were all in black. The scrip were divided into three grids, words Domestic Postage Paid were placed in the middle one, Tunxi at the bottom one, and ordinary mail, registered mail or express mail on the top one.

那个时候售卖价格,是按银元总计,平信5分、挂号1角3分、快信1角7分。屯溪发行的这种木戳代邮和小条,自一九五〇年三月中早先,大引致用到本月下旬,由新乡邮局发到加盖人民券字样邮票后,这种邮资木戳和小条便甘休使用了。

The selling price was calculated at Silver Yuan, ordinary mail, registered mail and express mail were sold at 5 fen, 1 jiao 3 fen, and 1 jiao 7 fen respectively. The wooden signet which was the substitute of stamp and scripts issued in Tunxi were brought into use form the beginning of May, 1949, after the Changed to Peoples Certificate stamps from Wuhu Post Office arrived, the wooden signet and scripts went out of service approximately later this month.

图3-19为深渡寄金奈的实寄封,贴屯溪国内邮资已付不时邮票平信意气风发枚,销深渡,壹玖肆柒.5.24戳。已知存世不抢先10件。(本组邮票于1946年3月四日停用,此封为延用实例卡塔尔国

A cover from Shendu to Tianjin was shown in Fig. 3-19, on which stuck a piece of ordinary mail stamp of Provisional Domestic Postage Paid Unit Stamps of Tunxi of South Anhui Area, cancelled by datemark Shendu, 1949.5.24. There were no more than 10 pieces have been known.

(图3-19)

  1. 浙江加盖华南邮政 京 暂作改值邮票

Stamps Overprinted with East China Posts Jing Temporarily Used for and Surcharged of Jiangsu Area

圣何塞解放后,各邮局职业中央符合规律实行,但接收的记念邮票仍然为中华夏族民共和国邮政金圆券邮票。于是德班市军事拘系委员会甘肃邮政管理局于一九四七年1十一月4日依照华北京邮政和邮电通讯大学电处理总部1947年二月十日邮字第七十二号关于京沪杭旧邮局邮票接受方式通令的规定,发行San Jose加盖改值邮票生机勃勃套2枚。以中中原人民共和国邮政的东京中心版孙西宁像铁锈棕金圆10圆加盖暂作RMB1元,灰绿20元打字与印刷暂作RMB3元,由圣Jose储汇局印厂承盖。

After the liberation of Nanjing, the postal service was carried out as usual, but Gold Yuan Certificate stamps of Chinese Postal Service were still in use. Hence, in May. 4, 1949, Jiangsu Postal Service Administration of Nanjing Military Control Commission issued a set of 2 Nanjing Overprinted and Surcharged Stamps in accordance with the order About the way to use stamps issued by old post offices of Beijing, Shanghai and Hangzhou ,which was promulgated by Posts and Telecommunications Bureau of Eastern China in Apr.22, 1949. The green 10 yuan stamps of Shanghai Central Print Dr. Sun Yat-sen Gold Yuan Stamps were overprint and temporarily used for 1 yuan in Ren Min Bi, the purple 20 yuan stamps were overprint and temporarily used for 3 yuan in Ren Min Bi, which were overprinted by Printing House of Nanjing Savings and Remittance Bureau.

此票上部自右至左用五号燕书铅字排行华北京邮政和邮电通讯高校政4字,下部暂作壹圆或暂作三圆,中间加一个四号金鼎文京字,1元面值用革命加盖,3元面值用天灰加盖。

Words Eastern China Postal Service were placed on the top of stamp, which were read from right to left, Temporarily Used for 1 yuan or Temporarily Used for 3 yuan were placed in the lower, a character Jing were in the middle of the stamp. 1 yuan stamps were overprinted in red, 3 yuan stamps were overprinted in black.

图3-20为圣何塞寄青岛实寄封,贴吉林加盖华中邮政 京 暂作改值邮票1元(红State of Qatar5枚,销伯明翰,一九四八.5.5戳。相当久违。

A cover from Nanjing to Wuxi was shown in Fig. 3-22. On which stuck 5 pieces of 1 yuan (red) stamps Overprinted with East China Posts Jing Temporarily Used for and Surcharged of Jiangsu Area, it is very rare.

(图3-20)

(五)中南区

Central South Area

21.巩义市火奴鲁鲁加盖中原山阳区 改作本币改值邮票

Stamps Overprinted with Central Plains Liberated Area Changed to Benbi Currency and Surcharged in Zhengzhou of Central Plains Area

一九四六年7月二日,瓦伦西亚解放。在非法党的相称下,城市接管职业顺遂,邮政专门的学业苏醒异常的快。10月1日,热那亚市邮局早先收寄无偿平信;5日,又增加收入行政机关无偿注册信件。这时,邮局会计组担任处理票务(包含邮资拼争合其余有事情股票卡塔尔(قطر‎的出纳唐慰林,看到邮政工作飞速进步,急需邮票选取,便主动向邮局不常扣押委员会建议提出:用仓库储存的中中原人民共和国邮政孙晋中像邮票加盖改值供通讯使用。

On Oct. 22, 1948, Zhengzhou was liberated. With the cooperation of the underground CPC, the work of taking-over get on smoothly, postal service recovered quickly. On Nov.1, Post Office of Zhengzhou began to receive and sent ordinary mails freely, on Nov.5, free mails of Party and government organizations were received. At that time, Tang Weilin, who was an accountant and managing stamps in the post office, realized that the booming postal service was badly in need of stamps, then recommended the provisional management committee of the post office to overprint and surcharge Sun Yat-sen Issue of Chinese Postal Service stamps for mails.

孟菲斯邮政局有时管委在收受上级的批示后,立时把改值加盖任务交给会计组。在唐慰林同志的主办下,全组5人一起入手,用杏红油墨、木戳、手工业加盖,加盖字体也就是铅字五号燕体,票的上方由右至左横列中原修武县5字,中为改作本币,分两行竖排,下为汉文面值,单位为元。至11月11日专门的学问发行时共加盖了3种面值邮票,总括31500枚,合面值本币50万元。

Permitted by the superior, provisional management committee of Zhengzhou postal bureau immediately gave the assignment to accounting team. Under the auspices of Tang Weilin, all 5 people of the whole team get together to overprint by black ink and wooden seal manually. The size of words was equivalent to No.5 italic types. Words Central Plain Liberated Areas were placed on the top of stamp, which were read from right to left, Changed to Domestic Currency were placed in the middle and divided into two columns, the Chinese denomination in Yuan were placed in the lower of the stamp. Until the date stamps were formally issued, totally 3 types of denominations, 31,500 stamps were overprinted, and total denomination was 500,000 yuan.

基希纳乌加盖本币票为浅莲灰木戳加盖,图3-21(上卡塔尔为生龙活虎红生机勃勃黑双色加盖联票。经济商讨究此双联合中学的灰白加盖票应该为错盖票,因为早就现身的天青加盖的试盖票多为单枚或两枚,试盖无法用整版邮票进行,此红黑并非同一本戳。

Stamps Overprinted with Central Plains Liberated Area Changed to Domestic Currency and Surcharged in Zhengzhou were overprinted by black wooden seal, but a pair of stamps were overprinted in different colors, one in red, and the other in black. Research showed that the red one of the pair should be overprinted in wrong color. For most of proofs ever seen were single or double, a sheet of stamps could not be used for proof, the red one and the black one werent overprinted by the same wooden seal.

此件双联票为原华雷斯市邮政局时任工会

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